COSTUMES.ORG -- THE COSTUMER'S MANIFESTO WIKI

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<title>The Costumer's Manifesto</title>
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<title>The Costumer's Manifesto:&nbsp; Afrocentric Clothing and Textile Links: </title>
  
  
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<p align="center"><img border="0" src="../../graphics/Newfrontpage/newname2.jpg" width="686" height="50"><br>
 
<p align="center"><img border="0" src="../../graphics/Newfrontpage/newname2.jpg" width="686" height="50"><br>
<font face="Arial"><strong><small><i>The Costumer's Manifesto</i> is written by
+
<font size="2">by Tara Maginnis, Ph.D. <br>
Tara Maginnis, and proudly hosted
+
</font><strong><font face="Arial"><small><u>The Costumer's Manifesto</u> is proudly hosted
by William Baker.</small></strong></font></p>
+
by <a href="http://OnlineCostumeStore.com" target="_blank">OnlineCostumeStore.com</a>&nbsp;</small><br>
 +
<small>your online source for Halloween Costumes.</small></font></strong></p>
  
<p align="center"><font face="Arial"><strong><small>THE MANIFESTO IS
+
<p align="center"><span lang="en-us"><font size="2"><b>S</b></font></span><font size="2" face="Arial"><b>upport
MUTATING!&nbsp; IT IS TURNING INTO A WIKI THAT CAN BECOME THE HIVE MIND OF ALL
+
    The  <u>Manifesto</u><span lang="en-us">!</span> <span lang="en-us">Buy
COSTUMERS, FINALLY LIVING UP TO IT'S SLOGAN: <i>&quot;COSTUMERS OF THE WORLD,
+
<a href="http://theatricaldesign.com/makeup">Tara's DVD  Theatrical Makeup Design</a> or </span>
UNITE!&quot; </i> </small><small>YOU CAN HELP IN THIS PROCESS BY MOVING PAGES TO
+
<a href="http://astore.amazon.com/thecostumersmani">Buy Books &amp; </a></b></font>
THE NEW SITE AT <a href="http://thecostumersmanifesto.com">THECOSTUMERSMANIFESTO.COM</a>,
+
<span lang="en-us"><font size="2"><b>
HELPING TO EDIT THE PAGES THAT ARE THERE ALREADY, AND ADDING YOUR OWN ORIGINAL
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<a href="http://astore.amazon.com/thecostumersmani">Supplies</a> </b></font></span></p>
INPUT. </small></strong></font></p>
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<p><font size="2"><b><a href="http://www.amazon.com/gp/redirect.html?ie=UTF8&location=http%3A%2F%2Fastore.amazon.com%2Fthecostumersmani&tag=thecostumersmani&linkCode=ur2&camp=1789&creative=9325">Amazon
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Store for Costumer's Manifesto Fans</a><img src="http://www.assoc-amazon.com/e/ir?t=thecostumersmani&amp;l=ur2&amp;o=1" border="0" alt style="border:none !important; margin:0px !important;" /></b></font>
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      Documentary,&nbsp; Nicholas and Alexandra</a>
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      <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/156731256X/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972129659" LAST_VISIT="972129656" LAST_MODIFIED="972129656"><font size="2">
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      In the Russian Style</font></a>
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</p>
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            </center>
 +
      <b>Afrocentric Clothing and Textile Links:<br>
 +
      </b><font size="2">Clothing, Fashion and Textile links for Africa and The
 +
      African Diaspora&nbsp;</font>
 +
      <p align="center"><i><font size="2">This symbol indicates an internal page of the <u>Manifesto</u>:
 +
      <img border="0" src="../../computer/ballsnboxes/scisdot.gif" width="23" height="19"></font></i>
  
 +
      <ul>
 +
        <li>
 +
          <p align="left"><a href="#Afrocentric Fashions"><b>Afrocentric
 +
          Fashions (multinational)</b></a></li>
 +
        <li>
 +
          <p align="left"><a href="#African Dress"><b>African Dress</b></a>
 +
          <ul>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a href="#Traditional Dress"><b>Traditional Dress</b></a></li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><b><a href="#Masks">Masks</a></b></li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a href="#Textiles"><b>Textiles</b></a></li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a href="#Beadwork"><b>Beadwork</b></a></li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a href="#Modern Fashion"><b>Modern Fashion &amp;
 +
              Traditional Dress for Sale</b></a></li>
 +
          </ul>
 +
        </li>
 +
        <li>
 +
          <p align="left"><a href="#African-American Dress"><b>African-American
 +
          Dress</b></a>
 +
          <ul>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a href="#Historical"><b>Historical</b></a></li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a href="#Modern"><b>Modern</b></a></li>
 +
          </ul>
 +
        </li>
 +
      </ul>
 +
      <ul>
 +
        <li>
 +
          <p align="left"><b><a name="Afrocentric Fashions">Afrocentric Fashions</a>
 +
          (multinational)</b>
 +
          <ul>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.fashionshowroom.com/blackdesigners/runway.htm" ADD_DATE="1007541636" LAST_VISIT="1007541630" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541630">Black
 +
          Fashion Designers, African Fashion Designers, African American Fashion
 +
          Designers, Jamaican Fashion Designers</a>
  
    <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486299872/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972380203" LAST_VISIT="972380201" LAST_MODIFIED="972380201"><font size="2">
+
            </li>
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/russianimperialcostume.gif" width="98" height="140">
+
            <li>
    Russian Imperial Costume Paper Dolls</font></a>
+
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.uol.com.br/modabrasil/africa_link/index.htm" ADD_DATE="1025815392" LAST_VISIT="1025815657" LAST_MODIFIED="1025815385">Moda Brasil - Universidade Anhembi Morumbi (Info on Brazilian fashions
 +
              with inspiration from clothing in Africa)</a>
  
     </p>
+
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/1341_black_british_style/" ADD_DATE="1118995441" LAST_MODIFIED="1118995461" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">V&amp;A- Black British Style</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.modeafrique.com/" ADD_DATE="1085282260" LAST_VISIT="1085282692" LAST_MODIFIED="1085282275" LAST_CHARSET="UTF-8">Mode Afrique Magazine</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.africanwaistcoatcompany.com/" ADD_DATE="1074937967" LAST_VISIT="1074937995" LAST_CHARSET="windows-1252">Welcome to The African Waistcoat Company</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://cornrows.co.uk/" ADD_DATE="1070786479" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Cornrows.co.uk</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://faq.athersite.com/" ADD_DATE="1070786553" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Modern Traditional Clothing FAQ</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.melanet.com/awg/" ADD_DATE="1014623568" LAST_VISIT="1014623563" LAST_MODIFIED="1014623563">African
 +
     Wedding Guide</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.africanandsilkfabrics.com/" ADD_DATE="1138261492" LAST_VISIT="1138334520" LAST_MODIFIED="1138261492">African and Silk Fabrics kente, mud cloth, batiks, silks</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://educate.si.edu/migrations/rasta/rasta.html" ADD_DATE="966773087" LAST_VISIT="966773084" LAST_MODIFIED="966773084"><font face="Arial">Dread History: The African Diaspora,
 +
          Ethiopianism, and Rastafari</font></a>
  
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.tactproject.com/countries/brazil/pages/photo/bra127.html" ADD_DATE="1011427941" LAST_VISIT="1011427930" LAST_MODIFIED="1011427930">Candomble
 +
              women in traditional dress</a>
  
      <p align="center"><font size="2">
+
            </li>
      <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video/rasputin.gif" width="76" height="140"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/630415674X/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="971780796" LAST_VISIT="971780791" LAST_MODIFIED="971780791">
+
            <li>
      Rasputin</a>
+
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://udel.edu/~orzada/africa.htm" ADD_DATE="943685560" LAST_VISIT="943685556" LAST_MODIFIED="943685556"><font face="Arial">CNST 213 African Influences on Western
 +
              Dress</font></a> </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.quiltethnic.com/haitian.html" ADD_DATE="1007544160" LAST_VISIT="1007544156" LAST_MODIFIED="1007544156">QuiltEthnic.com
 +
          - Haitian Page (Vodou Flags)</a></li>
 +
          </ul>
 +
        </li>
 +
        <li>
 +
          <p align="left"><a name="African Dress"><b>African Dress</b></a>
 +
          <ul>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.salem.mass.edu/~gfischer/africa.htm" ADD_DATE="1079344745" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Resources for Web Page Project--Africa</a>
 +
            </li>
 +
            <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a name="Traditional Dress"><b>Traditional Dress</b></a>
 +
              <ul>
 +
                <li>
 +
                  <p align="left"><a href="http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/cariadoc/islamic_clothing.html" add_date="852631093" last_visit="852631049" last_modified="852631049"><font face="Arial">Cariadoc's Miscellany: Notes on Islamic
 +
          Clothing</font></a> </li>
 +
                <li>
 +
                  <p align="left"><a HREF="http://silverinternational.mbhs.edu/v123/ethiopiadress.html" ADD_DATE="1011427993" LAST_VISIT="1011427989" LAST_MODIFIED="1011427989">ethiopiadress</a>
  
       </font>
+
                </li>
 +
  <li>
 +
  <p align="left"><A HREF="http://www.metmuseum.org/special/se_event.asp?OccurrenceId={6EB15EDD-CFF8-4E7B-AA28-573CAB5230D5}" ADD_DATE="1206227913" LAST_VISIT="1211772783" LAST_MODIFIED="1206227914">The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Special Exhibitions Design without End The Essential Art of African Textiles</A>
 +
  </li>
 +
              </ul>
 +
            </li>
 +
          </ul>
 +
        </li>
 +
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 +
      <td valign="top" width="150" align="center" bgcolor="#ACD7F9"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial"><p align="center"><a href="http://affiliates.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?aid=280808&amp;item=124289" target="_top"><img src="http://images.allposters.com/images/shd/s1797_a.jpg" alt="Yoruba Peoples - Beaded Crown" border="0" width="83" height="115"></a><font face="verdana, helvetica, arial" size="1"><br>
 +
        Beaded Crown<br>
 +
        <a href="http://affiliates.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?aid=280808&amp;c=a&amp;search=Yoruba+Peoples" target="_top">Yoruba
 +
        Peoples</a><br>
 +
        <a href="http://affiliates.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?aid=280808&amp;item=124289" target="_top">Buy
 +
        This Art Print At AllPosters.com</a></font>
  
</p>
 
  
 +
<dl>
  
      <p align="center"><font size="2">
+
    <div align="center">
       <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/balticfolkcostumes.gif" width="112" height="140">
+
       <center>
  <a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0963476343/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="987330497" LAST_VISIT="987330493" LAST_MODIFIED="987330493">BALTIC FOLK COSTUMES A PAPER DOLL COLLECTION</a>
+
  
       </font>
+
    <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0486298086/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1038996472" LAST_VISIT="1038996470" LAST_MODIFIED="1038996470"><font size="2">
 +
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books6/africangirlboy.jpg" width="104" height="140">
 +
       African Girl and Boy Paper Dolls</font></a>
  
</p>
+
      </center>
 +
    </div>
  
 +
    <div align="center">
 +
      <center>
  
     <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486403726/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975327820" LAST_VISIT="975327944" LAST_MODIFIED="975327818">
+
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1571451323/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972378253" LAST_VISIT="972378249" LAST_MODIFIED="972378249"><font face="Arial" size="2">
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/nicholasalexpaper.gif" width="97" height="140">
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/artofafricantextiles.jpg" width="99" height="140">
    <font size="2">Nicholas and Alexandra Paper Dolls</font></a>
+
      The Art of African Textiles</font></a><font size="2"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/2843232902/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1030103518" LAST_VISIT="1030103494" LAST_MODIFIED="1030103494"><img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books5/ethnicstyle.jpg" width="111" height="147">
 +
      Ethnic Style: History and Fashion</a></font>
  
     </p>
+
      </center>
 +
     </div>
  
 +
</dl>
  
      <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810957019/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972380725" LAST_VISIT="972380739" LAST_MODIFIED="972380720"><font size="2">
 
      <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/beautyinexile.jpg" width="110" height="140">
 
      Beauty in Exile: The Artists, Models, and Nobility Who Fled the Russian Revolution and Influenced the World of Fashion</font></a>
 
  
</p>
+
     <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0684867842/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="973507166" LAST_VISIT="973507153" LAST_MODIFIED="973507153"><font face="Arial" size="2">
 
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/africanbeadskit.gif" width="97" height="140">
 
+
     African Beads : A Book and Craft Kit</font></a>
     <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1861263708/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="991522937" LAST_VISIT="991522932" LAST_MODIFIED="991522932"><font size="2">
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/sovietuniforms.jpg" width="99" height="140">  
+
     Soviet Uniforms and Militaria : 1917-1991</font></a>
+
  
 
     </p>
 
     </p>
  
  
     <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1579900593/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202711" LAST_VISIT="975202705" LAST_MODIFIED="975202705"><font size="2">
+
     <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0393313484/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="974631502" LAST_VISIT="974631495" LAST_MODIFIED="974631495"><font face="Arial" size="2">
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/mostlymittens.gif" width="117" height="140">  
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/womensworkthefirst20000years.gif" width="92" height="140">
     Mostly Mittens : Traditional Knitting Patterns from Russia's Komi People</font></a>
+
     Women's Work : The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times</font></a>
 
+
      </p>
    </p>
+
  
  
Line 191: Line 328:
 
       <center>
 
       <center>
  
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1560988010/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975201981" LAST_VISIT="975202667" LAST_MODIFIED="975201977"><font size="2">
+
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0816031363/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202314" LAST_VISIT="975202310" LAST_MODIFIED="975202310"><font face="Arial" size="2">
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/spiritofsiberia.gif" width="112" height="140">
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/ethnicdress.gif" width="115" height="140">
       Spirit of Siberia : Traditional Native Life, Clothing, and Footwear</font></a></center><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</font>
+
       Ethnic Dress</font></a>
 +
 
 +
      </center>
 
     </div>
 
     </div>
 +
    <div align="center">
 +
      <center>
  
</dl>
+
    <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810945002/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202442" LAST_VISIT="975202408" LAST_MODIFIED="975202408"><font face="Arial" size="2">
 +
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/unfashion.jpg" width="93" height="140">
 +
      (un) Fashion</font></a>
  
 +
      </center>
 +
    </div>
  
    <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0500281955/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975203821" LAST_VISIT="975203817" LAST_MODIFIED="975203817">
+
</dl>
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/russianandsoviettheatre.gif" width="124" height="140">
+
    <font size="2">Russian and Soviet Theatre: Tradition and the Avant-Garde</font></a>
+
 
+
    </p>
+
 
+
 
+
    <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1577150341/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972373057" LAST_VISIT="972373038" LAST_MODIFIED="972373038"><font size="2">
+
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/balletsrusses.gif" width="92" height="140">
+
    Ballets Russes</font></a>
+
 
+
    </p>
+
  
  
Line 218: Line 352:
 
       <center>
 
       <center>
  
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1859954995/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="990958383" LAST_VISIT="990958418" LAST_MODIFIED="990958380"><font size="2">
+
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1859732011/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202575" LAST_VISIT="975202567" LAST_MODIFIED="975202567"><font face="Arial" size="2">
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/baksttheart.jpg" width="101" height="140">
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/hinterlandwarriors.gif" width="93" height="140">
       Bakst : The Art of Theater &amp; Dance (Temporis Series)</font></a>
+
       Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress : European Empires and Exotic Uniforms (Dress, Body, Culture)</font></a><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/2867701619/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1106390726" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"><font size="2"><img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books9/costumesetparuedumaroc.jpeg" width="122" height="140">
 +
      Costumes Et Parue Du Maroc</font></a>  
  
 
       </center>
 
       </center>
Line 228: Line 363:
  
  
    <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0300074840/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972131354" LAST_VISIT="972131350" LAST_MODIFIED="972131350">
+
<p align="center"><font face="Arial" size="2"><img border="0" src="http://costumes.org/store/advertisers/amazon/books/menofcolor.gif" width="104" height="140"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1579651127/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="985862974" LAST_VISIT="985862954" LAST_MODIFIED="985862954">
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/artofballetsrusses.gif" width="102" height="140">
+
Men of Color : Fashion, History, Fundamentals</a></font></p>
    <font size="2">The Art of Ballets Russes : The Serge Lifar Collection of Theater Designs, Costumes, and Paintings&nbsp;</font></a>
+
  
    </p>
 
  
 +
<p align="center"><font face="Arial" size="2"><img border="0" src="http://costumes.org/store/advertisers/amazon/books/stylenoir.gif" width="113" height="140"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0399523790/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="985862908" LAST_VISIT="985862905" LAST_MODIFIED="985862905">
 +
      Stylenoir : The First How-To Guide to Fashion Written With Black Women in Mind</a>
  
    <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1872004598/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975150195" LAST_VISIT="975150248" LAST_MODIFIED="975150191"><font size="2">
+
</font>
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/redarmyuniforms.gif" width="102" height="140">
+
    Red Army Uniforms of World War II in Colour Photographs (Europa Militaria, No 14)</font></a>
+
  
    </p>
+
      </p>
  
  
    <p align="center">&nbsp;
+
<dl>
  
     </p>
+
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0517703688/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779612" LAST_VISIT="1035779595" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779595"><font size="2">
 +
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/tribes.jpg" width="133" height="147">
 +
      Tribes</font></a><a href="http://www.cafepress.com/cp/info/storeref.aspx?refby=thecostumersman"><img src="http://www.cafepress.com/cp/banners/cp_referral_120x90.gif" border="0" width="120" height="90"></a>
  
 +
    <dt>&nbsp;
  
     <!--mstheme--></font></td>
+
     <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0312169639/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779789" LAST_VISIT="1035779995" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779769"><font size="2">
     <td valign="top"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
+
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/peopleofkau.jpg" width="96" height="140"> The People of Kau</font></a>
  
<p align="center"> <b>  
+
    <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0810942054/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779815" LAST_VISIT="1035779991" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779809"><font size="2">
      Visiting The Costume Collections of St. Petersburg</b></p>
+
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/africanceremonies.jpg" width="104" height="140"> African Ceremonies</font></a>
  
<p align="center"><i><b>Note:</b> This article was written in January 1995, for <u>The
+
    </dl>
Lady's Gallery</u>. Although it was accepted, and they did not return my color
+
photros before their demise, it did not appear before the journal folded.&nbsp; Small portions of this article were edited and
+
altered by my third editor at the <u>St.Petersburg Press</u>, and made into the short
+
article <a href="../../TARA/1pages/ARTICLES.HTM">&quot;The Empress' Old Clothes&quot;</a>. Prices in
+
rubles quoted in the article are now completely out of date, given a yearly inflation rate in
+
Russia of about 100%, but the dollar prices rise a bit more slowly than that, and may only
+
have risen about 30%.&nbsp; <b>You may print this article out for your
+
convenience for travel planning.</b></i></p>
+
  
<p>The St. Petersburg area has many museums to interest the visitor
 
to Russia, not the least of which are those museums either partly or wholly devoted to
 
costume. Russian costume museum collections usually differ markedly in style and content
 
from Western collections, and consequently are additionally interesting because of their
 
&quot;unusual&quot; nature.</p>
 
  
<p>The Ethnographic Museum:</p>
+
      <!--mstheme--></font></td>
 +
      <td valign="top" align="left"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
 +
        <ul>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.heritagephotographs.com/afwarcir18.html" ADD_DATE="1011438000" LAST_VISIT="1011437996" LAST_MODIFIED="1011437996">African Warrior circa 1880</a></li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.kikoy.com/kikoys/howtowear/index.php" ADD_DATE="1081679360" LAST_MODIFIED="1081679481" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">How to wear your Kikoy / Kikoy - The Kikoy Company (African)</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.adireafricantextiles.com/dress1.htm" ADD_DATE="1085648710" LAST_CHARSET="windows-1252">African Dress Traditions Introduction</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3070131.stm" ADD_DATE="1085647032" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">BBC NEWS | Africa | Kenya MPs fight 'colonial' dress code</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.anyiams.com/wrapping.htm" ADD_DATE="1081679381" LAST_VISIT="1081679382" LAST_MODIFIED="1081679466" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Anyiams Creation: Headwrapping Step-by-Step (African)</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.4to40.com/earth/history/index.asp?article=earth_history_ETHIOPIANShistoryofcostume" ADD_DATE="1081325151" LAST_VISIT="1081325176" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">The Ethiopians - A History of Costumes</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0847822249/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972378108" LAST_VISIT="972378290" LAST_MODIFIED="972378103"><font face="Arial" size="2">
 +
          <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/africanelegance.gif" width="106" height="140">
 +
            African Elegance</font></a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.cal.org/rsc/somali/sfood.html" ADD_DATE="1011436328" LAST_VISIT="1011436293" LAST_MODIFIED="1011436293">SOMALIS: Food and Dress </a>
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumarial2.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumarial2t.jpg" border="0" width="94" height="144"></a>  
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.transafricaforum.org/reports/clothing_issuebrief0600.pdf" ADD_DATE="1081327073" LAST_MODIFIED="1081327099" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Clothing As A cultural Expression in Africa</a>
<small><a href="../ethnomuseum/gb488.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/gb488t.jpg" border="0" width="108" height="75"></a></small></p>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.williamcoupon.com/21/pygmy.html" ADD_DATE="986213018" LAST_VISIT="986213014" LAST_MODIFIED="986213014"><font face="Arial">William Coupon - Social Studies Twenty-0ne: The Pygmy</font></a></li>
 +
          <li>
 +
                  <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486408108/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1005381454" LAST_VISIT="1005381692" LAST_MODIFIED="1005381450"><font size="2">
 +
                  <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/tradafriccost.gif" width="98" height="129">
 +
                  Traditional African Costumes Paper Dolls</font></a>
  
<p>For example, the most spectacular display of costume in
+
          </li>
St. Petersburg is at the <u>Russian Ethnographical Museum </u>(formerly the Ethnographic
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.heritagephotographs.com/norafman.html" ADD_DATE="1011438324" LAST_VISIT="1011438322" LAST_MODIFIED="1011438322">North African Man</a>
Museum of the Peoples of the USSR). The Ethnographic Museum was originally a part of the
+
Russian Museum (which is next door) built prior to the 1917 Revolution, however in 1934 it
+
became a separate entity as, under Stalin, the study, display and enshrinement of
+
indigenous folk arts of the USSR was used to serve political ends.</p>
+
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay1.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay1t.jpg" border="0" width="144" height="98"></a> </p>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.maroc.net/culture/costumes/1.html" ADD_DATE="1045127861">Maroc - Morocco _ Exhibition of Traditional Costumes</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.emanuelnyc.org/art/TEEcollimage6.htm" ADD_DATE="1114506717" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Jewish Moroccan Wedding Dress</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.website-analyst.co.il/lucdesk/old_ppc5.html" ADD_DATE="1114506757" LAST_MODIFIED="1114506785" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Old Postcards from the Collection of Lucian Millis: 19th Century North African Jewish Women</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.kangausa.com/howtotie.htm" ADD_DATE="1062142558" LAST_CHARSET="windows-1252">kangaUSA - How To Tie A Kanga</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://members.aol.com/chipukizi/choir1.htm" ADD_DATE="1011428255" LAST_VISIT="1011428328" LAST_MODIFIED="1011428231">Chipukizi
 +
                  Choir in traditional dress (Tanzania)</a>
  
<p>Unlike English costume museums, which tend to focus on history,
+
          </li>
or French ones that stick to costume as couture, Russian costume museums under the Soviets
+
          <li><a HREF="http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/JewsofLibya/LibyanJews/museum/portraits.html" ADD_DATE="1011431568" LAST_VISIT="1011431559" LAST_MODIFIED="1011431559">The Last Jews of Libya:</a>
primarily collected costume as proletarian artwork. As a result Russia has the best museum
+
collections of &quot;folk&quot; costume worldwide, with the Ethnographic Museum in
+
St. Petersburg considered to be the preeminent one of its kind. The museum displays a
+
whopping total of 250,000 objects of folk art, mostly dated from the late 19th and early
+
20th centuries. A large percentage of these are costumes, jewelry, costume accessories and
+
textiles. The museum also houses rotating exhibits of contemporary folk arts.</p>
+
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay4.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay4t.jpg" border="0" width="94" height="144"></a></p>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://lafayette.150m.com/intro.html" ADD_DATE="1108338529" LAST_VISIT="1108338587" LAST_MODIFIED="1108338559" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Introductory Items to the Lafayette Collection 1897-1930</a>
 +
            <ul>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://lafayette.150m.com/ethiopia.html" ADD_DATE="1108338475" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Ethiopians</a>
 +
              </li>
 +
            </ul>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/3791322915/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1007122563" LAST_VISIT="1007122558" LAST_MODIFIED="1007122558"><font size="2">
 +
          <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books2/hairinafricanart.jpg" width="108" height="140">
 +
                  Hair in African Art and Culture</font></a>
  
<p>All the costumes on display are of uniformly high quality. Most
 
particularly notable are the costumes in the hall devoted to ethnic Russian peasant dress.
 
Routinely you can find art and design students in this hall sketching the costumes for
 
class projects or for sale to the main Museum gift shop. Also on display are items from
 
the other Republics which made up the former USSR. A particularly spectacular Chukchi
 
(Eastern Siberian) Shaman's garment is on display on the second floor of the West wing,
 
and should on no account be missed. There is also a constant rotation of small new
 
exhibits (now there is a display of restored antique fans) that help to make up for an
 
equal rotation of small sections of the main collection being closed, presumably for
 
maintenance.</p>
 
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplayheadress.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplayheadresst.jpg" border="0" width="93" height="144"></a> </p>
+
          <li>Racinet's <i><u>Le Costume Historique</u></i>: <a href="../../HISTORY/100pages/BOOKS/racinet/africa.htm">Africa</a><i><img border="0" src="../../computer/ballsnboxes/scisdot.gif" width="23" height="19"></i></li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.velocity.net/~khamsa/Gallery2a.html" ADD_DATE="983716160" LAST_VISIT="983716146" LAST_MODIFIED="983716146"><font face="Arial">Our Tribe: African gallery</font></a>
  
<p>The &quot;Ethno&quot; Museum is one of the best under-visited
+
          </li>
tourist attractions in the city. Despite being in the very center of St.
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.safariweb.com/safarimate/natdress.htm" ADD_DATE="983716123" LAST_VISIT="983716082" LAST_MODIFIED="983716082"><font face="Arial">SEARCH FOR A NATIONAL DRESS (Kenya)</font></a>
Petersburg,
+
scarcely a block from the Grand Hotel Europe, it is never crowded even in the height of
+
tourist season or on weekends. As a result, the lady security guards, far from turning
+
into scowling watchdogs (as those stuck in the more overcrowded museums do) are dying to
+
talk and show their treasures. And it is also one of the cheaper museums for the foreign
+
tourist to visit. Solely in the main collection there is enough to interest the costume
+
enthusiast for an entire day. It is helpful to bring along a pocket Russian dictionary,
+
since all museum captions are in Russian (as they are in all the museums), but generally
+
the costumes speak for themselves.</p>
+
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumladies.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumladiest.jpg" border="0" width="144" height="99"></a> <a href="../ethnomuseum/museumladyanddisplay.jpg">
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1985/6/85.06.06.x.html" ADD_DATE="1007544906" LAST_VISIT="1007544899" LAST_MODIFIED="1007544899">85.06.06:
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumladyanddisplayt.jpg" border="0" width="93" height="144"></a>  
+
              The Mask&#151;A West African Ceremonial Object</a></li>
Wonderful museum
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.kangausa.com/howtotie.htm" ADD_DATE="1081678803" LAST_CHARSET="windows-1252">kangaUSA - How To Tie A Kanga</a>
guide/guards are friendly and helpful.</p>
+
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.4to40.com/earth/history/index.asp?article=earth_history_ETHIOPIANShistoryofcostume" ADD_DATE="1138348073" LAST_VISIT="1142728271" LAST_MODIFIED="1138348073">The Ethiopians - A History of Costumes World History of India, The Ethiopians - A History of Costumes, The dress of the Ethiopi</a>
 +
          </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.lclark.edu/~nicole/SENEGAL/DRESS.HTM" ADD_DATE="983536055" LAST_VISIT="983536031" LAST_MODIFIED="983536031"><font face="Arial">Senegalese DRESS CODE (Islam)</font></a>
  
<p>The management of the Ethnographic Museum has moved with the
+
          </li>
times, and is installing high quality new exhibits in the place of some rather tedious
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.williamcoupon.com/PLACES/egypt.html" ADD_DATE="986213394" LAST_VISIT="986213385" LAST_MODIFIED="986213385"><font face="Arial">William Coupon - Places - Egypt</font></a>
politically motivated ones left from it's former Soviet self. To raise capital to pay for
+
improvements the museum maintains three gift buying locations: A main gift shop with
+
modern folk crafts and books, a small hall displaying St. Petersburg style floral beadwork
+
jewelry, and a textile arts demonstration area in the Russian hall that sells the products
+
of demonstrations.</p>
+
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumarial.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumarialt.jpg" border="0" width="144" height="97"></a></p>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.williamcoupon.com/PLACES/morocco.html" ADD_DATE="986213367" LAST_VISIT="986213364" LAST_MODIFIED="986213364"><font face="Arial">William Coupon - Places - Morocco</font></a>
  
<p>If you have extra cash, or all day to see the whole museum, or
+
          </li>
better still both, in addition to the main exhibit (which is almost endless) there are two
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.williamcoupon.com/PLACES/libya.html" ADD_DATE="986213408" LAST_VISIT="986213397" LAST_MODIFIED="986213397"><font face="Arial">William Coupon - Places - Libya</font></a></li>
&quot;extra&quot; exhibits that cost 5000p ($1.50) each to enter. One is the hard to find
+
          <li>
&quot;Gold Hall&quot; which houses the highly valuable jewelry and jewel encrusted costume
+
                  <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810918234/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972378179" LAST_VISIT="972378176" LAST_MODIFIED="972378176"><font face="Arial" size="2">
accessories of the collection in a bank vault type space. This exhibit shows many of the
+
                  <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/africaadorned.gif" width="102" height="140">
magnificent examples of folk jewelry you may have seen in the book <u>Russian Jewelry from
+
                  Africa Adorned</font></a>
the 16th through 20th Centuries</u>. Take a right towards the Russian hall, then, before
+
the entrance take a left into the Ukrainian hall, then turn right. The Gold room is hidden
+
at the far end of the hall, through a small doorway.</p>
+
  
<blockquote>
+
          </li>
  <p align="center">[The Ethnographic Museum is sending their &quot;Gold
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.introspecinc.com/warehouse/rpg0822.htm" ADD_DATE="1007543691" LAST_VISIT="1007543710" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543682">Funeral
  Room&quot; objects out on tour! See them at their new official web site: <br>
+
              costume... African Art at the Ralph Proctor Gallery - &quot;In
  <a href="http://www.oakland.edu/cas/emuseum/rem/ic/ic_fs1.htm" add_date="872498535" last_visit="872498203" last_modified="872498203">Treasures of St.
+
              Cultural Perspective,&quot; an on-line exhibit of traditional
  Petersburg</a> ]</p>
+
              ceremonial African art through 12/31/99</a></li>
</blockquote>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.si.edu/nmafa/exhibits/site/index.htm" ADD_DATE="966774056" LAST_VISIT="966774116" LAST_MODIFIED="966774047"><font face="Arial">The Artistry of African Currency</font></a>
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay2.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay2t.jpg" border="0" width="93" height="144"></a></p>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.si.edu/maroon/educational_guide/75.htm" ADD_DATE="966773273" LAST_VISIT="966773254" LAST_MODIFIED="966773254"><font face="Arial">Fashion a Saramaka and French Guiana Maroon Patchwork Cape</font></a>
  
<p>You may only tour the Gold room in tiny groups, with a guide. To
+
          </li>
guarantee a spot, and get your tour in English, book one day in advance. The other extra
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.si.edu/nmafa/exhibits/hatssite/top.htm" ADD_DATE="966774158" LAST_VISIT="966774146" LAST_MODIFIED="966774146"><font face="Arial">Hats Off! A Salute to African Headwear</font></a>
exhibit is in the central Marble Hall, between the two main galleries. This hall houses
+
rotating exhibits, whose content and quality tend to vary. However, at present, there is a
+
true &quot;blockbuster&quot; exhibit in the space, the &quot;Emperor's Collection,&quot;
+
which has all that glitters in the way of costume and jeweled objects. Especially lovely
+
are a group of Tartar robes, with highly ornate embroidery. Also interesting is a group of
+
china figures depicting the costumes of the various ethnic regions of the Russian Empire.
+
This is not the well known late 18th Century set formerly on display at the Hermitage, but
+
a 1908-1913 set with far greater detail. This display too has a rare 19th Century Evenskii
+
Shaman-woman costume, and some spectacular Russian costumes and textiles.</p>
+
  
<p><a href="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay3.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img src="../ethnomuseum/museumdisplay3t.jpg" border="0" width="93" height="144"></a>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.jewishmuseum.net/Permanent/Moroccan_Jews.htm" ADD_DATE="965895270" LAST_VISIT="965895258" LAST_MODIFIED="965895258"><font face="Arial">Moroccan Jews - Miller Permanent Collection</font></a>
Click Here to see new
+
color photos of <a href="ETHNOGRA.HTM">The Ethnographic Museum</a> collection.</p>
+
  
<p><a name="The Costume">The Costume</a> Gallery at the Catherine
+
          </li>
Palace:</p>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.africaimports.com/store/Clothing.html" ADD_DATE="983613788" LAST_VISIT="983613782" LAST_MODIFIED="983613782"><font face="Arial">African Clothing</font></a>
  
<p>The next most impressive permanent costume display in the area
+
          </li>
is not in St. Petersburg itself, but at the <u>Catherine Palace</u> in the outlying town of
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.hunkinsexperiments.com/pages/costumeparttwo.htm" ADD_DATE="1108371277" LAST_VISIT="1108465330" LAST_MODIFIED="1108465370" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">How to dress in an Arab Haik and an Indian Sari</a>
Pushkin (formerly Tzarkoe Selo) the nearby summertime residence of the Tsar and his court.
+
          </li>
The Catherine Palace and Park in Pushkin is the tourist destination which visitors to the
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.angelfire.com/ny/ethiocrown/" ADD_DATE="1108339151" LAST_VISIT="1108339689" LAST_CHARSET="windows-1252">IMPERIAL ETHIOPIA HOME PAGE</a>
city most often rave about. And no wonder, located slightly inland from the swampy
+
          </li>
riverfront areas all the other attractions lie on, it enjoys cool unpolluted Springs and
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.angelfire.com/ak/sellassie/" ADD_DATE="1045127855" LAST_VISIT="1108339445" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Haile Sellassie Family Web</a>
Summers, golden Falls, and sugar frosting Winters. If the weather is bad in St.
+
          </li>
Petersburg
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.angelfire.com/ny/ethiocrown/Haile.html" ADD_DATE="1108339471" LAST_VISIT="1108339688" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Emperor Haile Selassie I, Part 1</a>
it will be nice in Pushkin, if the weather in the city is good, the weather in Pushkin
+
          </li>
will be even better. The town also possesses terrific Pre-Revolutionary architecture,
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.moroccantreasures.com/" ADD_DATE="1017470558" LAST_VISIT="1017470553" LAST_MODIFIED="1017470553">Moroccan
beautiful old tree lined streets, and several good restaurants.</p>
+
        Treasures: Welcome</a> </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://members.aol.com/Nattyhed/Pictures/sadhumen.jpg" ADD_DATE="948365114" LAST_VISIT="948365089" LAST_MODIFIED="948365089"><font face="Arial">sadhu men with dreds
 +
              and body paint</font></a> </li>
 +
          <li><a HREF="http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/sokari/sokari.html" ADD_DATE="983715425" LAST_VISIT="983715412" LAST_MODIFIED="983715412"><font face="Arial">Art of the Kalibari Masquerade (Nigeria)</font></a>
  
<p><a href="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/catherinepalace.jpg">
+
          </li>
<img border="2" src="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/catherinepalace_small.jpg" alt="catherinepalace.jpg (76179 bytes)" width="177" height="125"></a>
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.b4-u-buy.com/afrfash.htm" ADD_DATE="984537770" LAST_VISIT="984537760" LAST_MODIFIED="984537760"><font face="Arial">B4-U-BUY(tm) FYI FASHION - African History...As Told Through Fashion</font></a>
<a href="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/catherineslake.jpg">
+
<img border="2" src="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/catherineslake_small.jpg" alt="catherineslake.jpg (72199 bytes)" width="172" height="125"></a>
+
<a href="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/catherineswell.jpg">
+
<img border="2" src="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/catherineswell_small.jpg" alt="catherineswell.jpg (85264 bytes)" width="125" height="172"></a>
+
      </p>
+
  
<p>The central attraction in Pushkin is the Catherine Park, a
+
          </li>
large, lovely, and well maintained 18th Century royal playground. In the Park is the
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.smithsonianmag.si.edu/smithsonian/issues96/jun96/hicont_jun96.html" ADD_DATE="962082332" LAST_VISIT="962082689" LAST_MODIFIED="962082319"><font face="Arial">Out of Africa: Heady Adornments</font></a>
Catherine Palace, the most aesthetic and comfortable of the royal palaces in the area. To
+
one side of the main Palace is the <u>Cameron Gallery</u>, built for Catherine II, and now
+
housing the <a href="../../HISTORY/100pages/camerongallery.htm"><u>Costume Gallery</u></a> also known as the
+
&quot;Everyday Life Costumes and Articles of Russia from the End of the 18th to the
+
Beginning of the 20th Centuries, Court Costumes, Civil Costumes, Court Servant's Costumes
+
and the Costumes of the [military] Schools&quot; Exhibit. While the display techniques of
+
this exhibit are antiquated, and the Gallery ill-suited to the purpose, the costumes
+
themselves are wonderful.</p>
+
  
<p>The exhibit contains a great deal of royal costume including the
+
          </li>
military dress of the Tzars beginning with Catherine II <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron13.JPG">
+
          <li><a HREF="http://www.africancrafts.com/artist/index.htm" ADD_DATE="1007543806" LAST_VISIT="1007543803" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543803">AfricanCraft.com:
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron13_small.JPG" alt="cameron13.JPG (13595 bytes)" border="2" width="99" height="145"></a> and ending with Nicholas II, Alexander I's wedding costume
+
              Craftspeople</a></li>
<a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron21.JPG">
+
        </ul>
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron21_small.JPG" alt="cameron21.JPG (32040 bytes)" border="2" width="99" height="145"></a>
+
        <ul>
, pretty pink &amp; silver court dress uniforms <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron10.JPG">
+
          <li><b><a name="Masks">Masks</a></b>
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron10_small.JPG" alt="cameron10.JPG (16051 bytes)" border="2" width="55" height="145"></a> for the daughters of Nicholas II, and a whole wardrobe of the Tzarevitch
+
            <ul>
Alexi <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron5.jpg">
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.genuineafrica.com/" ADD_DATE="1010637559" LAST_VISIT="1010637552" LAST_MODIFIED="1010637552">African Art at
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron5_small.jpg" alt="cameron5.jpg (68726 bytes)" border="2" width="145" height="70"></a>  
+
                  genuineafrica.com!  (Masks, Sculpture, and Weapons)</a>
, showing a tiny procession of ornate military uniforms. There are also
+
some really lovely full court dress uniforms for both women <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron2.jpg">
+
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron2_small.jpg" alt="cameron2.jpg (26068 bytes)" border="2" width="96" height="145"></a> and men&nbsp;
+
<a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron20.JPG">
+
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron20_small.JPG" alt="cameron20.JPG (20333 bytes)" border="2" width="76" height="145"></a>, which are almost entirely covered in metal
+
embroidery<a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron25.JPG"><img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron25_small.JPG" alt="cameron25.JPG (69819 bytes)" border="2" width="121" height="145"></a>. For those interested in obscure bits of African
+
American historical trivia, the exhibit also shows the servant's livery of the African
+
American boxer-turned-body-guard <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron14.JPG">
+
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron14_small.JPG" alt="cameron14.JPG (18199 bytes)" border="2" width="84" height="145"></a> who was a member of Nicholas II's personal staff.</p>
+
  
<p>In the &quot;Everyday Life&quot; section is a quantity of
+
              </li>
beautiful upper class men's and women's clothing <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron24.JPG">
+
              <li><a HREF="http://members.tripod.com/~PGrimm/" ADD_DATE="964442516" LAST_VISIT="964442499" LAST_MODIFIED="964442499"><font face="Arial">African Mask's and Associated Proverbs</font></a>
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron24_small.JPG" alt="cameron24.JPG (32567 bytes)" border="2" width="89" height="145"></a>, with some splendid 1780's embroidered court suits <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron29.JPG">
+
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron29_small.JPG" alt="cameron29.JPG (62640 bytes)" border="2" width="145" height="131"></a>, Turn-of-the-Century wedding gowns <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron26.JPG">
+
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron26_small.JPG" alt="cameron26.JPG (33208 bytes)" border="2" width="97" height="145"></a>, and Russian revival costumes <a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron32.JPG">
+
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron32_small.JPG" alt="cameron32.JPG (13281 bytes)" border="2" width="64" height="145"></a>. As with all &quot;historical&quot; costume collections in Russia, history
+
abruptly ends in 1917. The history of costume since 1917 in Russia has not yet been
+
written or collected for museum display, and is only just beginning (in books like Soviet
+
Textiles 1918-1939, or Revolutionary Costume) to be unearthed.</p>
+
  
<p>Interestingly, except for those costumes worn by the Tsar and
+
              </li>
his family, the explanatory captions in the Costume Gallery again focus on the costumes as
+
            </ul>
the &quot;work of Russian craftsmen&quot; rather than who wore them. Even this
+
          </li>
overwhelmingly royalist, aristocratic display, has in it a bow to the old Soviet political
+
          <li>
agenda.</p>
+
              <p align="left"><a name="Textiles"><b>Textiles</b></a>
 +
            <ul>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.founders.howard.edu/moorland-spingarn/KENTE.htm" ADD_DATE="984539791" LAST_VISIT="984539781" LAST_MODIFIED="984539781"><font face="Arial">Kente</font></a>
  
<p>While you are there also take time to tour the interior of the
+
              </li>
Palace and the grounds of the Park. The Catherine Palace, is a beautifully restored and
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.museumca.org/exhibit/exhi_kente.html" ADD_DATE="1006560324" LAST_VISIT="1006560309" LAST_MODIFIED="1006560309">Wrapped
furnished example of 18th Century Russian Baroque style. The Palace, in addition to many
+
              in Pride: Ghanaian Kente and African American Identity -- Oakland
spectacular rooms, houses both a royal portrait gallery and a special exhibit gallery. The
+
              Museum of California</a></li>
special exhibit gallery periodically shows items of a costume nature, such as Faberge
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.adire.clara.net/" ADD_DATE="1045035703" LAST_VISIT="1045035700" LAST_MODIFIED="1045035700">Welcome to Adire African textiles gallery: Adire Aso oke kente bogolan kuba ewe</a>
jewelry, or this year, The &quot;Tsarkoe Selo in the Age of Catherine The Great&quot;
+
              </li>
exhibit which includes some dress uniforms belonging to Catherine. The main palace also
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.quiltethnic.com/fante.html" ADD_DATE="1007544282" LAST_VISIT="1007544238" LAST_MODIFIED="1007544238">QuiltEthnic:
has a guest court of high quality souvenir shops with the best amber jewelry selection in
+
              African - Fante of Ghana (Asafo Flags)</a></li>
the area.</p>
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africancrafts.com/article/stripcloth/index.htm" ADD_DATE="1007543738" LAST_VISIT="1007543732" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543732">West
 +
              African strip weaving: cotton field to cloth</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.quiltethnic.com/textiles.html" ADD_DATE="1007543837" LAST_VISIT="1007543933" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543826">QuiltEthnic.com
 +
              - African (Textiles and Symbols)</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.si.edu/nmafa/exhibits/kente/how4.htm" ADD_DATE="966773972" LAST_VISIT="966774290" LAST_MODIFIED="966773957"><font face="Arial">Wrapped in Pride - wrapping a Kente Cloth</font></a>
  
<p><a href="../../history/camerongallery/cameron3.jpg">
+
              </li>
<img src="../../history/camerongallery/cameron3_small.jpg" alt="cameron3.jpg (31827 bytes)" border="2" width="134" height="145"></a>
+
            </ul>
Click Here to see more color photos of<a href="../../HISTORY/100pages/camerongallery.htm"> The Cameron Gallery </a>collection.</p>
+
          </li>
 +
          <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a name="Beadwork"><b>Beadwork</b></a>
 +
            <ul>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://minotaur.marques.co.za/clients/zulu/" ADD_DATE="983716221" LAST_VISIT="983716209" LAST_MODIFIED="983716209"><font face="Arial">Zulu BeadWork Home Page</font></a>
  
<p>The Kunstkamera:</p>
+
          <dl>
 +
          </dl>
  
<p>Another important display of ethnic costume is the collection
+
              </li>
known variously as the <u>Kunstkamera</u>, or <u>&quot;The Peter The Great Museum of
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.quiltethnic.com/africanbeadwork.html" ADD_DATE="1007543948" LAST_VISIT="1007544044" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543943">QuiltEthnic
Anthropology and Ethnography&quot;</u>. The Kunstkamera houses one of the larger displays
+
              - African - Beadwork</a></li>
of ethnic costume in the world, with particularly strong collections in the indigenous
+
              <li><a HREF="http://educate.si.edu/migrations/beads/bead.html" ADD_DATE="1007543964" LAST_VISIT="1007543959" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543959">Beaded
dress of <a href="AKNATIVE.HTM">Alaska</a>.</p>
+
              Splendor</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.natashascafe.com/html/tuareg_jewelry.html" ADD_DATE="983440461" LAST_VISIT="983440429" LAST_MODIFIED="983440429"><font face="Arial">Tuareg Necklaces (Central/Northern Africa)</font></a>
  
<p>Alaskan costumes (like Siberian costumes) are especially
+
              </li>
interesting for their creative use of unusual materials: fish skin, bird skin, metal and
+
              <li><a HREF="http://educate.si.edu/migrations/beads/bead.html" ADD_DATE="966773097" LAST_VISIT="966773090" LAST_MODIFIED="966773090"><font face="Arial">African Beaded Splendor</font></a>
bone fetishes, intestines, furs, and leathers. Connoisseurs of Indian and Eskimo masks
+
will find that many of the best examples often
+
shown in books on the subject were photographed here. The Alaskan collection includes one
+
of the less than half a dozen folding-cup style suits of &quot;armor&quot; in a collection
+
(used by costal Eskimos to defend against raids by the technologically advanced and
+
warlike Tlingit tribes of the South-East). The Tlingit Indians, (who formed the main
+
opposition to the Russian Invasion) are also well represented with armor, hats, masks,
+
Three <a href="http://alaskan.com/docs/blanket.html">Chilcat blankets</a> (heraldic
+
robes), and a rare Raven's Tail blanket.</p>
+
  
<p>And this is only the Alaskan section. The Native peoples of the
+
              </li>
rest of North America, Oceania, Australia, Asia, and Africa are also represented through
+
            </ul>
costume. The museum shows a set of full royal regalia (executed in feathers) worn by King
+
          </li>
Kameamea I of Hawaii, two rare Pomo (California) Indian feathered dance robes, a set of
+
          <li>
East Indian theatrical costumes, a straw Maori heraldic blanket-robe, two sets of Samurai
+
              <p align="left"><b><a name="Modern Fashion">Modern Fashion</a> &amp;
armor, and a host of Asian costumes of all kinds. There is also a new, modern gallery
+
              Traditional Dress for Sale</b>
section (no extra cost) showing the prizes of the museum's collection of Siberian and
+
            <ul>
Alaskan ivory carvings, the preeminent one of it's kind worldwide.</p>
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africancrafts.com/visham/" ADD_DATE="966150891" LAST_VISIT="966150885" LAST_MODIFIED="966150885"><font face="Arial">Visham African Arts &amp; Crafts:
 +
          African clothing, fashion accessories, jewelry and crafts</font></a>
  
<p>Except for this section, display techniques are pretty much 19th
+
              </li>
Century style, however, this turns to one's advantage, since these methods are highly
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.indigoarts.com/main.html" ADD_DATE="1062489636" LAST_VISIT="1062489678" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Indigo Arts: Tribal Art, Folk Art, Ethnographic Art</a>
space-conserving, you get to see quite a lot of objects considering the relatively small
+
              </li>
size of the museum.</p>
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.egyptmuseum.com/" ADD_DATE="1012361899" LAST_VISIT="1012361885" LAST_MODIFIED="1012361885">The
 +
        Prince Of Egypt, Egyptian imports</a>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="HTTP://WWW.ANANSITRADERS.COM/" ADD_DATE="1010643539" LAST_VISIT="1010643534" LAST_MODIFIED="1010643534">Anansi Traders: Pan African Goods &amp; Services To The World</a>
  
<p>The museum, having been founded by Peter I (and built from
+
              </li>
1718-34), also contains two suits worn by Peter I, as well as a bronze copy of his death
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.moroccancaravan.com/catalog.asp?cat=60" ADD_DATE="1147283649" LAST_VISIT="1148628501" LAST_MODIFIED="1147283649">Moroccan Clothing straight from the
mask. The Kunstkamera was the first public museum in Russia, and began with scientifically
+
    Kingdom of Morocco at Moroccan Caravan</a>
educational displays from Peter's own collection. It's purpose was to disseminate
+
                <ul>
knowledge of the latest tools, machines, exotic stuffed animals, rare books, atlases and
+
                  <li><a HREF="http://www.moroccancaravan.com/catalog.asp?cat=40" ADD_DATE="1147283649" LAST_VISIT="1148628501" LAST_MODIFIED="1147283649">Moroccan Jewelry straight from the
archeological finds on display there. The Academy of Sciences was originally located in
+
    Kingdom of Morocco at Moroccan Caravan</a> </li>
this building as well, and the most eminent 18th Century Academician, Mikhail Lomonsov, is
+
                </ul>
memorialized in a small museum inside the Kunstkamera under the top of the central dome.
+
              </li>
Downstairs, also under the dome, is an interesting, if repulsive, display of pickled
+
              <li>
deformed fetuses and animals that were one of the original displays from the early 18th
+
                <p align="left"><a HREF="http://www.silktwist.com/" ADD_DATE="1114410151" LAST_MODIFIED="1114410177" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">** SilkTwist - Wearable Art - One of a Kind Clothing (Afrocentric styles)</a>
Century. As two headed baby collections go, it appears to be quite a varied and extensive
+
              </li>
one, highly popular with school children, if not quite what you'd usually expect to find
+
              <li>More Egyptian jewelry and clothing links on the <a href="../../HISTORY/100pages/egyptlinks.htm">Ancient
between two galleries of crafts and costumes of Japan and Africa.</p>
+
                  Egypt Links</a> page&nbsp;</li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africaimports.com/Merchant3/merchant.mv?Screen=CTGY&amp;Store_Code=AI&amp;Category_Code=C" ADD_DATE="999580218" LAST_VISIT="999580214" LAST_MODIFIED="999580214"><font face="Arial">Africa Imports: Clothing</font></a>
  
<p>There are also two extra upstairs galleries that rotate exhibits
+
              </li>
on a variety of archeological and ethnographic subjects. Costs vary depending on the
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.e-souk.com/" ADD_DATE="966153512" LAST_VISIT="966153496" LAST_MODIFIED="966153496"><font face="Arial">Welcome to
exhibit. The museum does not as yet maintain a gift shop, (although Chinese jewelry and
+
          e-Souk.com Morocco</font></a>
objects are sold at a small table on the stairs,) but one appears to be under the last
+
stages of construction, and should hopefully appear soon.</p>
+
  
      <p><a HREF="http://www.kunstkamera.ru/english/" ADD_DATE="1002441251" LAST_VISIT="1002441431" LAST_MODIFIED="1002441242">KUNSTKAMERA</a>
+
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.over2u.com/shop/african_fashion.html" ADD_DATE="989724275" LAST_VISIT="989724368" LAST_MODIFIED="989724271"><font face="Arial">African Shop for African fashion African and Nigerian fabric</font></a>
  
      New Web site!</p>
+
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.ladieschurchsuits.com/" ADD_DATE="1117278784" LAST_VISIT="1117278841" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Ladies Church Suits women's church suits ladie's church suits women church suits ladies church suits ladie church suits womens church apparel Mother Of The Bride/Groom Suits, Plus Size Clothing, Formal , Evening Dresses, Special Occasion</a>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.divine-fashion.com/index.php?cPath=1&amp;osCsid=dd89de70554de8b0af8ea3d97c3982e0" ADD_DATE="1117278877" LAST_VISIT="1117279006" LAST_MODIFIED="1117278991" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Divine Fashion Women's Suits (Church Suits and Hats)</a>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.ladycynthia.com/" ADD_DATE="1117279048" LAST_VISIT="1117279081" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Lady Cynthia Millinery Custom Womens Hats, Vintage Hats, Bridal Wedding Millinery</a>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.church-hats.com/" ADD_DATE="1117279127" LAST_VISIT="1117279210" LAST_MODIFIED="1117279145" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Church Hats</a>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africa-ata.org/textiles.afr.htm" ADD_DATE="1032004237" LAST_VISIT="1032004233" LAST_MODIFIED="1032004233">Quality Textiles from the African Continent and offshore islands</a>
  
<p>The Hermitage:</p>
+
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.motherlandnigeria.com/attire.html" ADD_DATE="959245441" LAST_VISIT="959245432" LAST_MODIFIED="959245432"><font face="Arial">MOTHERLAND NIGERIA: ATTIRE (by Boomie O.)</font></a>
  
<p>The next spectacular display of costumes is usually at the <u>Hermitage
+
              </li>
Museum</u> (The former &quot;Winter Palace&quot;). I say usually, because the Hermitage,
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africastyles.com/" ADD_DATE="984537731" LAST_VISIT="984537720" LAST_MODIFIED="984537720"><font face="Arial">Africastyles African fashion: contemporary fashion attire for men and women</font></a>
despite having a large costume collection, does not maintain a constant display, but
+
rather rotates in a new display about once a year. This means if you arrive between
+
displays there may be no costumes whatever on view. However, for much of the year there is
+
a display of some kind, and due to the incredibly rich collection of the museum, it is
+
often of an almost &quot;blockbuster&quot; quality.</p>
+
  
<p>Last Summer, for instance they showed the costumes made in 17th
+
              </li>
Century style for the famous 1903 Romanov Anniversary Ball as part of an exhibit,
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.makolaboutique.com/" ADD_DATE="984537696" LAST_VISIT="984537693" LAST_MODIFIED="984537693"><font face="Arial">Makola African Fashion Boutique, Specializing In African Clothing for Men, Women, and Children</font></a>
&quot;Nicholas and Alexandra&quot;. Most of these costumes had never been on display since
+
that time. The year before was a large display of ladies couture and court gowns
+
1890-1910, many of which were worn by the last two Tsarinas.</p>
+
  
<p>There is also a constant display of Western European armor
+
              </li>
dating from 1400-1700 in the &quot;New Hermitage&quot; section, Rm. 243, 2nd floor. The
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.adire.clara.net/core.htm" ADD_DATE="984538735" LAST_VISIT="984538727" LAST_MODIFIED="984538727"><font face="Arial">Adire African Textiles; kente bogolan aso oke kuba African weaving</font></a>
Hermitage is also one of the largest museums in the world, on a par with the
+
Louvre. This means you had best come
+
early, wear comfortable footgear, and plan on spending a whole day or two on walking it.
+
Apart from the many beautiful public rooms of the palace (throne rooms, ballrooms, all the
+
usual), there are dozens of rooms of simple gallery space, including everything from ivory
+
miniatures to Impressionist canvases. It is only slightly less extensive than the Louvre,
+
and a great deal more confusing because of being more compact. It is however, an easier
+
walk.</p>
+
  
<p>On the down side, the Hermitage itself also charges a relatively
+
              </li>
high admission to foreigners, and higher than usual prices for bringing in cameras. Gift
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.over2u.com/shop/african_fashion.html" ADD_DATE="984539084" LAST_VISIT="984539088" LAST_MODIFIED="984539071"><font face="Arial">African Shop for African fashion African and Nigerian fabric</font></a>
shopping at the Hermitage is still in it's embryonic stages-there are very many small gift
+
counters and one large shop, but their goods are high priced and have no reference to the
+
costume collection.</p>
+
  
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.indiamart.com/hashimsons/" ADD_DATE="983344366" LAST_VISIT="983344356" LAST_MODIFIED="983344356"><font face="Arial">traditional readymade dresses,
 +
          African traditional clothes, traditional Arab clothing, readymade garments, fabrics manufacturers, traditional dresses from
 +
          India</font></a>
  
<p><a HREF="http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/" ADD_DATE="957609595" LAST_VISIT="957610107" LAST_MODIFIED="957609590"><font size="3">The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia -- Powered by IBM</font></a>
+
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.kikoromeo.com/" ADD_DATE="1007541470" LAST_VISIT="1007541463" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541463">Kikoromeo
 +
              - African Fashion Design</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://africastyles.com/" ADD_DATE="1007541482" LAST_VISIT="1007541478" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541478">Africastyles
 +
              African fashion clothing: contemporary fashion attire for men and
 +
              women</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.safashionweek.co.za/" ADD_DATE="1007541503" LAST_VISIT="1007541491" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541491">Welcome
 +
              to SA Fashionweek</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.transafricaforum.org/reports/clothing_issuebrief0600.pdf" ADD_DATE="1007541580" LAST_VISIT="1007541568" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541568">[PDF]
 +
              1 CLOTHING AS A CULTURAL EXPRESSION: AFRICAN FASHION</a>
 +
              <dl>
 +
              </dl>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africanacrafts.com/" ADD_DATE="983613813" LAST_VISIT="983613896" LAST_MODIFIED="983613801"><font face="Arial">Visham African Arts &amp; Crafts: african clothing, fashion accessories, jewelry and crafts</font></a>
  
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.moroccotime.com/fashion/" ADD_DATE="1007618009" LAST_VISIT="1007617991" LAST_MODIFIED="1007617991">Woman
 +
              &amp; Gentleman Fashion Shop - Agadir Morocco</a> (Western Style
 +
              suits sold in Morocco)&nbsp;</li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.rebirth.co.za/clothing.htm" ADD_DATE="1007545059" LAST_VISIT="1007545052" LAST_MODIFIED="1007545052">Rebirth
 +
              African clothing mudcloth, batiks, shirts and dresses</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.over2u.com/shop/african_fashion.html" ADD_DATE="1007545130" LAST_VISIT="1007545116" LAST_MODIFIED="1007545116">African
 +
              Shop 4 African fashion African &amp; Nigerian fabric</a></li>
 +
         
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africa-ata.org/fashion_trends.htm" ADD_DATE="1007541692" LAST_VISIT="1007541682" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541682">African
 +
              Fashion Trends: Africa Travel Magazine Feature</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.vikidyan.com/" ADD_DATE="1007541786" LAST_VISIT="1007541779" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541779">Viki
 +
              Dyan, African Fashion Artist</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.bayoimports.com/index.html" ADD_DATE="1007541863" LAST_VISIT="1007541858" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541858">Dresses,
 +
              African Clothes, Tiedye &amp; Ladies Wear Available Here: African
 +
              Dresses.</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.nycafricana.com/African_Fashion/african_fashion.html" ADD_DATE="1007541883" LAST_VISIT="1007541877" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541877">African
 +
              Fashion</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africaplace.com/" ADD_DATE="1007541905" LAST_VISIT="1007541893" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541893">WWW.AFRICAPLACE.COM</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.dailyafrican.com/fashion.html" ADD_DATE="1007541970" LAST_VISIT="1007541963" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541963">Daily
 +
              African Online * Fashion</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.revuenoire.com/anglais/S27.html" ADD_DATE="1007542005" LAST_VISIT="1007541975" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541975">Revue
 +
              Noire 27 Africa Art contemporary African fashion designer
 +
              Photography chris seydou alphady joel andrianomearisoa publisher
 +
              booksale store news people</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africancrafts.com/visham/" ADD_DATE="1007542014" LAST_VISIT="1007542009" LAST_MODIFIED="1007542009">Visham
 +
              African Arts &amp; Crafts: african clothing, fashion accessories,
 +
              jewelry and crafts</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.lisebelle.com/US/" ADD_DATE="1007542117" LAST_VISIT="1007542109" LAST_MODIFIED="1007542109">Lisebelle
 +
              - Cosmetic and beauty for black or coloured skin types</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africa-ata.org/affas.htm" ADD_DATE="1007542139" LAST_VISIT="1007542128" LAST_MODIFIED="1007542128">Africa
 +
              Travel Fashions: From Africa Travel Magazine</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.adire.clara.net/core.htm" ADD_DATE="1007542344" LAST_VISIT="1007542338" LAST_MODIFIED="1007542338">Adire
 +
              African Textiles; kente bogolan aso oke kuba African weaving</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.melanet.com/nff/fashionshow.html" ADD_DATE="1007542426" LAST_VISIT="1007542420" LAST_MODIFIED="1007542420">Nigerian
 +
              Fabrics &amp; Fashion: Online Fashion Show</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.anyiams.com/Evening_wear.htm" ADD_DATE="1007543101" LAST_VISIT="1007543076" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543076">Anyiams
 +
              Creations: Men's Wear 1 of 7</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africastyles.com/Men/fashion_men.html" ADD_DATE="1007541677" LAST_VISIT="1007541669" LAST_MODIFIED="1007541669">African
 +
              fashion apparel collection for Men</a></li>
 +
              <li><a HREF="http://www.africanbasics.com/" ADD_DATE="1007543274" LAST_VISIT="1007543264" LAST_MODIFIED="1007543264">Envision
 +
              Designs - All African Essentials</a></li>
 +
              <li><font size="2"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0789304651/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1028809445" LAST_VISIT="1028809442" LAST_MODIFIED="1028809442">
 +
              <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books5/soulstyle.jpg" width="115" height="147">
 +
                Soul Style : Black Women Redefining the Color of Fashion</a></font></li>
 +
            </ul>
 +
          </li>
 +
        </ul>
 +
      <!--mstheme--></font></td>
 +
      <td valign="top" align="left"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
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            &nbsp;<br>
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            <input type="submit" name="sa" value="Search">
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            <!-- Search Google --><!--mstheme--></font></td>
 +
          </tr>
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        </table><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
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      </form>
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      <p>
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      <script type="text/javascript"><!--
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 +
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       </p>
 
       </p>
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      <p>&nbsp;<!--mstheme--></font></td>
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  </table><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial"><!--mstheme--></font><table border="0" cellpadding="0" width="100%">
 +
    <tr>
 +
      <td valign="top" width="130" align="center" bgcolor="#ACD7F9"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
  
  
<p>The Theatre Museum and Library:</p>
+
<dl>
  
<p>On a more modest scale are the <u>Museum of Theatrical and
+
    <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810981254/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779860" LAST_VISIT="1035779857" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779857"><font size="2">
Musical Arts</u> and the <u>Theatre Library</u>, located behind the Alexandinsky Theatre.
+
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/nomadsofniger.jpg" width="106" height="140"> Nomads of Niger</font></a>
While the Museum is small, (only 4 rooms) and slightly old fashioned, it has rotating
+
exhibits of costumes and renderings on display at all times, and is moreover quite cheap
+
to enter, only 2000p (60c). Taking photos is only 2000p as well. Guards are happy to
+
double as guides (in Russian) and are quite helpful.</p>
+
  
<p>Display material comes chiefly from the adjacent Theatre
+
    <dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810919028/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779905" LAST_VISIT="1035779889" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779889"><font size="2">
Library: Right now they are hosting an exhibit of the costume renderings of Golovin, best
+
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/africanark.jpg" width="44" height="60">
known in the West for his designs for Diagalev, which has been entirely drawn from the
+
      African Ark: People and Ancient Cultures of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa</font></a><dt><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0521808138/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1127461480" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"><font size="2">
Library archives. For research purposes it should be noted that the Library has, in
+
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books10/ahistoryoftheatreafrica.jpeg" width="116" height="163">
addition to an impressive theatre book collection in all languages, one of the world's
+
      A History of Theatre in Africa</font></a>
largest costume and set rendering collections in the world. Because the library was the
+
former office &amp; library of the old Imperial Theatres, this includes nearly all the
+
designs done for the Imperial Theaters from the 18th through 20th Centuries.</p>
+
  
<p>After 1917 other theatre and film designers donated renderings
+
    <dt><center>
on a voluntary basis, and so there is no shortage of designs to fill out the post
+
    <p><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1859739296/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="997605960" LAST_VISIT="997605957" LAST_MODIFIED="997605957"><font size="2">
Revolutionary period either. There is also a substantial collection of pre-18th Century
+
    <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/veilmodesty.jpg" width="92" height="140">
renderings of European designs for Opera and Ballet, collected by the Imperial Theatre in
+
      Veil : Modesty, Privacy and Resistance (Dress, Body, Culture Series)</font></a>
the 19th Century. This even includes some as yet unattributed sketches of Inigo Jones.</p>
+
    </p>
  
       <p><a HREF="http://www.museum.com/jb/museum?id=18633" ADD_DATE="1009176436" LAST_VISIT="1009176419" LAST_MODIFIED="1009176419">museum.com - The St.Petersburg State Museum of Theatre and Music</a>
+
       </center>
  
      </p>
+
</dl>
  
<p>Museum of Artillery:</p>
 
  
<p>There are a few more interesting military uniforms to be seen at
+
        <p><font size="2"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810913925/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1028808413" LAST_VISIT="1028808389" LAST_MODIFIED="1028808389">
the <u>Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signals</u>, aesthetically located in an old
+
        <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books5/geoffreyholder.jpg" width="123" height="147">
fort between the Peter and Paul Fortress and Lenin Park. The general museum exhibit
+
        Geoffrey Holder: A Life in Theater, Dance, and Art</a></font><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0226315819/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1065521878" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"><font size="2"><img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books7/salaula.jpeg" width="105" height="169">
includes small amounts of uniform, armor and medals along with the arms and armaments of
+
        Salaula: The World of Secondhand Clothing and Zambia</font></a><center><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0295981385/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1007205248" LAST_VISIT="1007205234" LAST_MODIFIED="1007205234"><font size="2">
each period. However it is in the special exhibit &quot;Crown and Cloak&quot; that the
+
      <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books2/printedanddyedtexafric.jpg" width="105" height="110"> Printed and Dyed Textiles from Africa (Fabric Folios)</font></a> <a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0385500866/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972127329" LAST_VISIT="972127325" LAST_MODIFIED="972127325"><font face="Arial" size="2">
most interesting garments are kept. Like at the Costume Gallery at the Catherine Palace,
+
      <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/crownsportraits.jpg" width="131" height="140">
this exhibit displays a small selection of military uniforms and uniform portraits of
+
      Crowns : Portraits of Black Women in Church Hats</font></a>
Russian Tsars and their families from Peter I to Nicholas II. Also on display are military
+
orders worn by the Royal family. The museum is host to two small gift booths, one with
+
books on military history, the other with military model kits and reproduction medals at
+
reasonable prices.</p>
+
  
<p><font size="3"><blink>NEW!!!! </blink><u>The Theatre of the Architectural Interior of St.
+
      </center>
Petersburg</u> (known as the &quot;Intierney&quot; Theatre for short) now has a fabulous
+
      <!--mstheme--></font></td>
display of masks, renderings, and costumes on public view, including a large hall devoted
+
      <td valign="top" align="left"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
to their famous set of costumes representing the buildings, statues and monuments of St.
+
        <ul>
Petersburg.&nbsp; This display includes an 18th Century style court dress in the form of
+
          <li>
the Kunstkamera Museum, Peter the Great on his Bronze horse, Dom Knigi, etc. as as
+
          <p align="left"><a name="African-American Dress"><b>African-American
wearables.&nbsp; To get there go to the North side (Sunny side) of Nevsky Prospekt , near
+
          Dress</b></a>
the Aphrodite Restaurant, opposite the Mayakovskaya Metro (more or less) and look for a
+
            <ul>
doorway that looks like this.&nbsp;</font></p>
+
              <li><a HREF="http://www.quiltethnic.com/afam.html" ADD_DATE="1007544229" LAST_VISIT="1007544221" LAST_MODIFIED="1007544221">African-American
 +
          - Intro Page</a></li>
 +
              <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a name="Historical"><b>Historical</b></a>
 +
                <ul>
 +
                  <li><a HREF="http://members.aol.com/money4bfm/BFM/splash.html" ADD_DATE="984535445" LAST_VISIT="984535459" LAST_MODIFIED="984535440">The Black Fashion Museum, Washington, DC</a>
  
<p><font size="3"><a href="../../travel/russia/interiortheatre.jpg">
+
                  </li>
<img src="../../travel/russia/interiortheatret.jpg" alt="interiortheatret.jpg (10422 bytes)" width="115" height="144"></a>
+
                  <li><a HREF="http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/" ADD_DATE="1062490966" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1">Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia at Ferris State University</a>
&nbsp; Entry was $4 for foreigners last Summer. You can't take photos inside, but this
+
poster outside gives you an idea of the wild costumes they do:&nbsp; <a href="../../travel/russia/interiortheatre2.jpg">
+
<img src="../../travel/russia/interiortheatre2t.jpg" alt="interiortheatre2t.jpg (9656 bytes)" width="96" height="144"></a>
+
While you are there ask if they are doing any street performances using the costumes and
+
then you can see them in action.</font></p>
+
  
<p>Small Museums:</p>
+
                  </li>
 +
                  <li><font face="Arial" size="2"><img border="0" src="http://costumes.org/store/advertisers/amazon/books/newraiments.gif" width="92" height="140"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1859731899/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="985862930" LAST_VISIT="985862927" LAST_MODIFIED="985862927">
 +
    'New Raiments of Self' : African American Clothing in the Antebellum South (Dress, Body, Culture Series)</a></font>
  
<p>If you are still hungry for more, there are just a few more
+
                  </li>
costume scrapings in the barrel: You can see some more theatrical costumes at the <u>Chaliapin
+
                  <li><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0195060849/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1116140319" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"><font size="2">
Memorial Museum</u>, which houses the personal effects (including several opera costumes)
+
                  <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books9/behindthescenes.jpeg" width="107" height="154">  
of the great singer. If after the Ethno Museum and Kunstkamera, you still haven't seen
+
                    Behind the Scenes, Or, Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House
enough circumpolar costume, there is also a small display of it on the top floor of <u>The
+
                    (Schomburg Library of Nineteenth-Century Black Women Writers)</font></a>  
Museum of the Arctic and Antarctic</u>, a barely visited antique of a museum. Most amusing
+
about this museum's display is the c.1930 &quot;modern&quot; Chukchi needlework, featuring
+
Soviet era stories done with traditional materials and style. If you long to see more
+
suits worn by Peter the Great, go to <u>Peter the Great's Cabin</u>, a wonderful little
+
wooden house (the first in St. Petersburg), bizarrely preserved inside a brick building.
+
Or, even better, see the <u>Summer Palace of Peter the Great,</u> with even more Petrine
+
outfits, in an un ostentatious little palace in the beautiful Summer Garden near the town
+
center. For further information go to the appendix at the end of this article.</p>
+
  
<p>Book Shopping:</p>
+
                  </li>
 +
                </ul>
 +
              </li>
 +
              <li>
 +
              <p align="left"><a name="Modern"><b>Modern</b></a>
 +
                <ul>
 +
                  <li><a HREF="http://www.andrewlane.com/" ADD_DATE="1006558925" LAST_VISIT="1006558885" LAST_MODIFIED="1006558885">Andrew
 +
              Lane Church Goods and Supplies Home Page</a></li>
 +
                  <li><a HREF="http://swanslaexpressions.com/" ADD_DATE="983616408" LAST_VISIT="983616404" LAST_MODIFIED="983616404"><font face="Arial">Swans L.A. Expressions: African American clothing, sorority and fraternity gear.</font></a>
  
<p>For pictures of the costume collection at the Hermitage, visit
+
                  </li>
the book stores on Nevsky Prospekt and look for <u>The Art of Costume in Russia from the
+
                  <li><a HREF="http://www.blackhairmedia.com/default.htm" ADD_DATE="1042619818" LAST_VISIT="1042619809" LAST_MODIFIED="1042619809">Black Hair, Black
18th to 20th Centuries</u>. This classic book has not gone out of print since its
+
                    Beauty- BlackHairMedia.com</a>
publication in the 1970's, is available in a variety of languages (and with several
+
different titles and covers) and shows the highlights of the Hermitage costume collection
+
in clear, full color photographs. If seeing the Ethnographic Museum has made you want
+
photos of it's costume displays look for <u>National Costumes of the Peoples of the USSR </u>(also
+
published as <u>Folk Costumes of the USSR</u>), and <u>Russian Jewelry from the 16th to
+
20th Centuries</u> also to be found in these shops. The best book shops for tourists are
+
mainly located on both sides of Nevsky around Gertsina Ul. This includes Maska
+
(&quot;Mask&quot;-Art books, &amp; supplies for makeup &amp; costume, at #13), Mir
+
(&quot;World&quot;-Books in foreign languages at #13 also), Mir's branch Izkustva Magazine&nbsp;
+
(&quot;Art Shop&quot;-books, posters and quality souvenirs, across from the main store),
+
<a href="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/aldmiraltyarch.jpg">
+
<img border="2" src="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/aldmiraltyarch_small.jpg" alt="aldmiraltyarch.jpg (71815 bytes)" width="125" height="158"></a>
+
Ctaraya Kniga (&quot;Used Book&quot;-Used and antiquarian books, posters and theatre
+
renderings at #18). The city's main bookstore, <a href="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/books.jpg">
+
<img border="2" src="../../tara/portfolio/portfolioscans2/books_small.jpg" alt="books.jpg (53657 bytes)" width="191" height="125"></a>
+
Dom Knigi (&quot;House of Books&quot;),
+
located in the Art Nouveau style Singer building on Nevsky opposite Kazan Cathedral at
+
#28, is the largest in the city, but stocked less for tourists than locals. It is best for
+
getting the inexpensive and newly published <u>Rysskee Narodnee Kostum</u> (Russian
+
National Costume), and modern Russian fashion journals like <u>Style</u>, and <u>Eva</u>
+
in the technical book department. If your trip to Pushkin has whetted an appetite for
+
books on military costume, there is also a Dom Voennoy Knigi (&quot;House of Military
+
Books&quot;) on the north side of Nevsky at the corner of Bolshaya Konyushennaya, which
+
stocks art books, military history books, and general interest works. There are dozens
+
more, scattered on Nevsky and Liteny Prospekts, Marata Ul., and around town.</p>
+
  
<p>Costume/Gift Shopping:</p>
+
                  </li>
 +
                  <li><a HREF="http://www.anyiams.com/main.htm" ADD_DATE="983612084" LAST_VISIT="983612079" LAST_MODIFIED="983612079"><font face="Arial">Anyiam's Creations: Exquisite collection of Bridal Wear, Formal Wear, Afrocentric Fashions, Robes, Cap &amp; Gown, Tuxedos, Evening Wear, Men's &amp; Ladies Wear, Fashion Design, Online Shop</font></a>
  
<p>If you are looking for Russian ethnic costumes to bring home,
+
                  </li>
#51 &quot;Art Boutique&quot; on the South side of Nevsky has quite a lot for sale. A few
+
                </ul>
doors West from #51, next to the Titan theatre (#47) is a shop without a posted number or
+
              </li>
name, specializing in wearable art and Russian folk jewelry. Handmade Russian lace is
+
            </ul>
available in most gift shops, including the above two, but the biggest selection at low
+
          </li>
prices is at <a href="../../TRAVEL/00pages/GOSTINY.HTM"> Gostiny Dvor</a> (&quot;Guest Yard&quot; the biggest, oldest department store in
+
         </ul>
town at #35) on the 2nd floor, West side. Russian jewelry is also available most
+
      <p align="center">  
everywhere, with good prices at the shop-with-no-name and the Mir bookstores. To get
+
      Click here to see the complete pamphlet <u><a href="../../HISTORY/100pages/1900makeup.htm">Make
modern Russian military buttons and insignia at low prices go to the Voennyy Univermag
+
      Up Book for Professionals</a></u> by F.W. Nack, Chicago, c.1900 showing
(&quot;Military Department Store&quot;,) about a block East at #67 Nevsky Pr. For actual
+
      makeup styles used for the various race, age and sex stereotypes popular
pieces of uniform, unfortunately you must usually buy on the street where it is openly
+
      on stage at the turn of the last century, including &quot;blackface&quot;.
tolerated, but technically illegal. You can however, legally, and cheaply ($4, much less
+
      You can use images from this page for any school reports you may be doing
than the on-the-street price), buy Russian sailor shirts in Gostiny Dvor.</p>
+
      on the topic.<!--mstheme--></font></td>
 
+
      <td valign="top" align="left"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
<p>Appendix of Practical Information:
+
      <form method="get" action="http://www.google.com/custom" target="_top">
      <ul>
+
        <input type="hidden" name="client" value="pub-8991980950373159">
        <li><u>Russian Ethnographical Museum</u>: Walk from Nevsky Prospekt
+
        <input type="hidden" name="forid" value="1">
    Metro station across the street to Mikhail Ul. (the street of the Grand Hotel Europe), go
+
        <input type="hidden" name="ie" value="ISO-8859-1">
    down one block to Arts Square (Statue of Pushkin), then skirt around the square to the
+
        <input type="hidden" name="oe" value="ISO-8859-1">
    right, 1/3 of the way, to the big yellow neoclassical building on Inzhenernaya Ul (#4/1).
+
        <input type="hidden" name="cof" value="GALT:#008000;GL:1;DIV:#336699;VLC:663399;AH:center;BGC:FFFFFF;LBGC:336699;ALC:0000FF;LC:0000FF;T:000000;GFNT:0000FF;GIMP:0000FF;FORID:1;">
    Unless there is a banner for a special exhibition, usually there is only a small plaque to
+
        <input type="hidden" name="hl" value="en">
    identify the building, and the door is nearly always forbiddingly closed, but the Museum
+
        <!--mstheme--></font><table bgcolor="#ffffff">
    is open Tues.-Sun. 10-6, except for the last Friday of each month. Give the door a very
+
          <tr>
    firm shove to open it! Main museum entry is only 2500p (75c), taking photos only costs
+
            <td nowrap="nowrap" valign="top" align="left" height="32"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
    1000p (30c), and permission to video is only 2000p (60c), the Gold Hall and Marble Hall
+
            <a href="http://www.google.com/">
    are 5000p extra each for entry, no photos allowed.</li>
+
            <img src="http://www.google.com/logos/Logo_25wht.gif" border="0" alt="Google" align="middle" width="75" height="32"></a>
         <li><u>Costume Gallery at the Catherine Palace in Pushkin:</u> Take
+
            <br>
    the Metro to Pushkinskaya, then catch the commute train on the right side of the Vitabesky
+
            &nbsp;<br>
    Station to Pushkin. From there take any one of buses 371, 373, 378, 380, 381, 382, or 473
+
            <input type="text" name="q" size="15" maxlength="255" value><!--mstheme--></font></td>
    to the Catherine Park. There is a charge to enter the Park in Summer (usually about $1),
+
          </tr>
    but the park is free once the snow flies and the statues are covered in boxes. From the
+
          <tr>
    main entrance follow the signs past the Main Palace to the Cameron Gallery. Entrance for
+
            <td valign="top" align="left"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
    foreigners to the Costume Gallery is 3500p ($1.10). You can also take photos or video for
+
            <input type="submit" name="sa" value="Search">
    only 800p (25c) or 3200p ($1) respectively. Summer hours are Wed.-Sun. 11-5, Winter hours
+
            <!-- Search Google --><!--mstheme--></font></td>
    are weekends only 11-5. The Catherine Palace is more expensive, 16,500p ($5) for
+
          </tr>
    foreigners, 10,000p ($3) for students, 23,000p ($7) for video, 10,000p ($3) for photos.
+
        </table><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
    Rotating exhibits vary in cost.</li>
+
      </form>
        <li><u>Kunstkamera:</u> To get there take trolley bus 7 or 10 North
+
      <p>
    from Nevsky Prospekt metro station, get off just after you cross the river, and walk along
+
      <script type="text/javascript"><!--
    the blue-green building (the Museum) 1/2 block till you can turn right to the first side
+
    street. The Kunstkamera entrance is on this side street at #3 Universitetskaya Nab. Hours
+
    are 11-5 Sun.-Wed. This means it's closed Thurs., Fri., and Sat. However, in Summer they
+
    also open on Thursdays. The Museum is also closed on the last day of each month for
+
    cleaning. Please note, since this is a popular museum for family outings, going on Sunday
+
    is not recommended unless you genuinely like screaming small-fry. The museum displays,
+
    such as pickled deformed babies, preserved heads of tatooed Maori tribesmen, and
+
    &quot;topless&quot; mannequins in native dress, get the kids very excited and rowdy.
+
    Weekdays, when the kids are in the charge of guides and teachers, are more placid and less
+
    crowded. Admission is 7000p ($2.30) for foreigners, no student rates or pictures allowed.</li>
+
        <li><u>Hermitage</u>: Take the Metro to Nevsky Prospekt/Gostiny Dvor
+
    station. Exit to Nevsky Prospekt, then hike North-West towards the gold Admiralty spire.
+
    Just before you get there you will see a street going off to the right (Ul. Gertsina)
+
    towards a yellow arch, head through it. On the other side will be a big square with an
+
    angel-topped column in the center (Palace Sq.) and a big peacock green building behind it.
+
    The building is The Hermitage. Skirt round to the left to the opposite (river) side for
+
    the entrance. Alternatively, for those not up to walking, take the 10 or 7 trolley bus at
+
    Nevsky and get off at Palace Square. Hours of operation theoretically are posted as
+
    Tuesday through Sunday, 10:30-6, but in fact you'll usually find yourself inexorably being
+
    herded towards the exit by the guards a little after 5. On Sunday the herding happens at
+
    4-4:30, and it is a waste of time to argue the point! Rates are 28,000p ($8.50) for
+
    foreigners, 16,000p ($5) for foreign students. Guided tours cost somewhat more. To bring
+
    in a camera you'll need to pay 25,000p ($7.50) for video and 9,000p ($2.60) for a still
+
    camera. Most gallery parts of the museum are &quot;no photo&quot; spots anyway, bring in
+
    cameras only for the big spectacular palace rooms. If your Russian is very good you also
+
    can sometimes sweet talk the guards into letting you take photos in &quot;forbidden&quot;
+
    spots anyway, providing it's not too crowded. This is actually true of many museums in
+
    Russia, they have a saying: &quot;It's forbidden, but, not if you really want to.&quot; In
+
    Summer and weekends the museum tends to crowd up and heat up till the guards get quite
+
    testy. Never attempt the Hermitage on a warm weekend afternoon in Summer, it is quite
+
    miserable.</li>
+
        <li><u>Theatre Museum and Library:</u> the Museum is located at #20
+
    Ostrovsky Sq. up on the 3rd floor. Hours of operation are 11-6 Monday, Thursday, Friday,
+
    Saturday and Sunday, and 1-7 on Wednesday. All Tuesdays, and the last Friday of each month
+
    are closed to the public. The Library is mercifully on the first floor, next door, to the
+
    right, in the old Imperial Theaters' main office. Bring a Russian friend and your passport
+
    if you want to use the Library. To become a regular library patron for more than one visit
+
    you will also need to provide a small photograph for mounting on a library card. To get
+
    there take the Metro to Nevsky Prospekt, head South-East, away from the gold Admiralty
+
    spire, till you see a park on your right. In the park will be a large sculpture of
+
    Catherine II with her courtiers at her feet. Go past this, and past the big yellow and
+
    white theatre. On the left, behind the rear of the theatre is #20.</li>
+
        <li><u>Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signals:</u> Go to
+
    Gorkovskaya Metro, exit to your right through Lenin Park, then just as you see the bridge
+
    entrance to the Peter and Paul Fortress (big brick wall with gold church spire) turn right
+
    again along the embankment. The Museum will be on your right in another brick fort. The
+
    Museum is open 11-5 Wed.-Sun except for the last Thursday of each month. Admission is
+
    3000p (95c) for foreigners, 1000p (30c) for students. The exhibit &quot;Crown and
+
    Cloak&quot; is 5000p ($1.50) for foreigners and 3000p (95c) for foreign students.</li>
+
        <li><u>Small Museums:</u> the <u>Chaliapin Memorial Museum</u> is at
+
    2b, Graftio Ul., and is open Thursdays 1-9pm, and Wed., Fri.-Sun. from 11am-7pm. Take
+
    Metro to Petrogradskaya, then autobus #46 North on Kamennoostrovsky Pr.to Graftio Ul..<u>The
+
    Museum of the Arctic and Antarctic</u> is at the corner of Marata Ul. and Kuznechnyy Per.,
+
    walk from Vladimirskaya Metro one block East on Kuznechnyy Per. <u>Peter the Great's Cabin</u>
+
    is at #6 Petrovskaya Embankment, open 10-6 Wed.-Mon., with a lunch break closing from
+
    1:30-2:30, and an all day &quot;cleaning&quot; closing on the last day of each month. To
+
    get there go to Gorkovskaya Metro, then hike south through Lenin Park to the embankment
+
    and turn left. <u>The Summer Palace of Peter I</u> is located in the Summer Garden, near
+
    Nevsky Prospekt/Gostiny Dvor Metro, and is open 10-1 every day. Walk the historic and
+
    scenic route from Nevsky at Sadovaya Ul. north past the <u>Russian Ethnographical Museum</u>,
+
    Engineer's Castle, and then through the Garden to the Summer Palace, overlooking the Neva.
+
    These museums are all cheap to enter. The most expensive, The Summer Palace, is only 4000p
+
    ($1.20) for foreigners, and 2000p (60c) for foreign students.</li>
+
      </ul>
+
    <!--mstheme--></font></td>
+
    <td valign="top"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
+
    <form method="get" action="http://www.google.com/custom" target="_top">
+
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      <input type="hidden" name="cof" value="GALT:#008000;GL:1;DIV:#336699;VLC:663399;AH:center;BGC:FFFFFF;LBGC:336699;ALC:0000FF;LC:0000FF;T:000000;GFNT:0000FF;GIMP:0000FF;FORID:1;">
+
      <input type="hidden" name="hl" value="en">
+
      <!--mstheme--></font><table bgcolor="#ffffff">
+
        <tr>
+
          <td nowrap="nowrap" valign="top" align="left" height="32"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
+
          <a href="http://www.google.com/">
+
          <img src="http://www.google.com/logos/Logo_25wht.gif" border="0" alt="Google" align="middle" width="75" height="32"></a>
+
          <br>
+
          &nbsp;<br>
+
          <input type="text" name="q" size="15" maxlength="255" value><!--mstheme--></font></td>
+
        </tr>
+
        <tr>
+
          <td valign="top" align="left"><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
+
          <input type="submit" name="sa" value="Search">
+
          <!-- Search Google --><!--mstheme--></font></td>
+
        </tr>
+
      </table><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
+
    </form>
+
    <p>
+
    <script type="text/javascript"><!--
+
 
google_ad_client = "pub-8991980950373159";
 
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+
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    <p>&nbsp;<!--mstheme--></font></td>
+
      <p>&nbsp;<!--mstheme--></font></td>
  </tr>
+
    </tr>
 
   </table><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
 
   </table><!--mstheme--><font face="Arial">
 +
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<div>
 
<div>
  <p align="center"><strong><small><font face="Arial"><u>The Costumer's  
+
 
  Manifesto</u> is proudly hosted by
+
<p align="center"><strong><small><font face="Arial"><u>The Costumer's Manifesto</u> is
  <a href="http://OnlineCostumeStore.com" target="_blank">OnlineCostumeStore.com</a>&nbsp;your  
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proudly hosted by <a href="http://OnlineCostumeStore.com" target="_blank">OnlineCostumeStore.com</a>&nbsp;your
  online source for Halloween Costumes.</font></small></strong></div>
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online source for Halloween Costumes.</font></small></strong></p>
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<p align="center"><font face="Arial"><small><a href="http://www.costumes.org">Home</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;
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<p align="center"><small><font face="Arial"><font color="#000000">This Page is  
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part of </font><font FACE="Arial" color="#FF0000">
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<p align="center"><small><font face="Arial"><font color="#000000">This Page is part of </font><font FACE="Arial" color="#FF0000"><a HREF="http://www.costumes.org">The Costumer's Manifesto</a>
<a HREF="http://www.costumes.org">The Costumer's Manifesto</a> </font>
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</font><font FACE="Arial" color="#000000">by </font><font FACE="Arial" color="#FF0000"><a href="mailto:tara@costumes.org">Tara Maginnis</a></font><font color="#000000">, Ph.D.&nbsp; </font></font><font FACE="Arial" color="#000000">Copyright
<font FACE="Arial" color="#000000">by </font><font FACE="Arial" color="#FF0000">
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1996-2010.&nbsp;&nbsp; You may print out any of
<a href="mailto:fftmm1@uaf.edu">Tara Maginnis</a></font><font color="#000000">,  
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these pages for non-profit educational use such as school papers, teacher handouts, or
Ph.D.&nbsp; </font></font><font FACE="Arial" color="#000000">Copyright 1996-200<span lang="en-us">7</span>.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
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wall displays.&nbsp;&nbsp;You may link to any page in my site.</small></font></p>
You may print out any of these pages for non-profit educational use such as  
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school papers, teacher handouts, or wall displays.&nbsp;&nbsp;You may link to any page in  
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<!--webbot bot="Include" i-checksum="10715" endspan -->
my site.</font></small></p>
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 +
<p align="center"><font size="2">This page last edited on
 +
<!--webbot bot="Timestamp" S-Type="EDITED" S-Format="%m/%d/%Y" startspan -->11/14/2009<!--webbot bot="Timestamp" i-checksum="12569" endspan -->
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by Tara Maginnis, Ph.D.
The Costumer's Manifesto is proudly hosted by <a href="http://OnlineCostumeStore.com" target="_blank">OnlineCostumeStore.com</a> 
your online source for Halloween Costumes.

Support The Manifesto! Buy <a href="http://theatricaldesign.com/makeup">Tara's DVD Theatrical Makeup Design</a> or <a href="http://astore.amazon.com/thecostumersmani">Buy Books & </a> <a href="http://astore.amazon.com/thecostumersmani">Supplies</a>


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<a href="../../history/100pages/accesslinks.htm">Accessories</a><a href="../../store/100pages/giftstore.htm">
Book & Gift Store</a><a href="../../history/100pages/accesslinks.htm">
</a><a href="../../classes/uafcostumeshop/pages/classes.htm">Classes
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/corsetlinks.htm">Corsets & Underwear</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/corsetlinks.htm">
</a><a href="../../computer/1pages/computerprograms.htm">Computers</a>
<a href="../../store/100pages/costumes4sale.htm">Costumes 4 Sale</a><a href="../../classes/uafcostumeshop/pages/classes.htm">
</a> <a href="../../advice/1pages/E_LISTS.HTM">Costume e-Lists</a><a href="../../computer/1pages/crj.htm">
</a> <a href="../../history/100pages/DANCELNX.HTM">Dance Costumes</a><a href="../../classes/uafcostumeshop/pages/classes.htm">
</a><a href="../../advice/1pages/costdesign.htm">Designs & Designers</a>
<a href="../../store/100pages/amazondolls.htm"> Dolls</a> <a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/store/100pages/amazondolls.htm">
</a><a href="ETHNOLNK.HTM">"Ethnic" Dress</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/ethnic/1PAGES/ETHNOLNK.HTM">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/fashion_theory.htm">Fashion Theory</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/fashion_theory.htm">
</a><a href="http://groups.yahoo.com/group/TheCostumersManifesto">Free eGroup
</a><a href="../../advice/1pages/free_stuff.htm">Free Stuff</a><a href="../../store/100pages/giftstore.htm">
</a><a href="../../store/100pages/halloween.htm">Halloween
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/costhistpage.htm">(Costume) History </a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/costhistpage.htm">
</a><a href="../../advice/1pages/HOWTOPAT.HTM">How-To</a><a href="http://groups.yahoo.com/group/TheCostumersManifesto">
</a><a href="../../store/100pages/KINKY.HTM">Kinky Clothing</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/store/100pages/KINKY.HTM">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/maincostumesites.htm">Major Sites</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/maincostumesites.htm">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/militaryuniforms.htm">Military Uniforms</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/maincostumesites.htm">
</a><a href="../../mwbh/100pages/mwbh.htm">Movie Costumes</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/mwbh/100pages/mwbh.htm">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/MUSEELNX.HTM">Museums</a><a href="../../new.htm">
New Pages</a><a href="../../NEW.HTM">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/occupationaluniforms.htm">Occupational & Occasion- Specific</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/occupationaluniforms.htm">
</a><a href="../../advice/1pages/pattern_links.htm">Patterns</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/advice/1pages/pattern_links.htm">
</a><a href="../../advice/1pages/questions.htm">Questions?</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/advice/1pages/questions.htm">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/religious_costume.htm">Religious Dress</a><a href="../../store/100pages/sponsorinfo.htm">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/thrcostlinks.htm">Theatre History</a><a href="../../classes/uafcostumeshop/uafcostweb.htm">
</a><a href="../../travel/00pages/uktour/uktripindex.htm">Travel for Costumers</a><a href="../../advice/1pages/unite.htm">
Unite!</a><a href="../../ADVICE/1pages/UNITE.HTM">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/VINTAGE.HTM">Vintage Clothing</a><a href="../../ADVICE/1pages/costdesign.htm">
</a><a href="../../history/100pages/bridal.htm">Weddings</a><a href="file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/mwbh/100pages/mwbh.htm">
</a><a href="../../store/100pages/weird.htm">Weird Clothing</a>

<a href="http://www.amazon.com/gp/redirect.html?ie=UTF8&location=http%3A%2F%2Fastore.amazon.com%2Fthecostumersmani&tag=thecostumersmani&linkCode=ur2&camp=1789&creative=9325">Amazon Store for Costumer's Manifesto Fans</a><img src="http://www.assoc-amazon.com/e/ir?t=thecostumersmani&l=ur2&o=1" border="0" alt style="border:none !important; margin:0px !important;" />

<script language="JavaScript1.2" src="http://www.altavista.com/r?entr"></script> 

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     <b>Afrocentric Clothing and Textile Links:
</b>Clothing, Fashion and Textile links for Africa and The African Diaspora 

This symbol indicates an internal page of the Manifesto: <img border="0" src="../../computer/ballsnboxes/scisdot.gif" width="23" height="19">

  • <p align="left"><a href="#Afrocentric Fashions"><b>Afrocentric Fashions (multinational)</b></a>
  • <p align="left"><a href="#African Dress"><b>African Dress</b></a>
    • <a href="#Traditional Dress"><b>Traditional Dress</b></a></li>

    • <p align="left"><b><a href="#Masks">Masks</a></b>
    • <a href="#Textiles"><b>Textiles</b></a></li>

    • <p align="left"><a href="#Beadwork"><b>Beadwork</b></a>
    • <a href="#Modern Fashion"><b>Modern Fashion & Traditional Dress for Sale</b></a></li> </ul> </li>

    • <p align="left"><a href="#African-American Dress"><b>African-American Dress</b></a>
      • <a href="#Historical"><b>Historical</b></a></li>

      • <p align="left"><a href="#Modern"><b>Modern</b></a>
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<a href="http://affiliates.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?aid=280808&item=124289" target="_top"><img src="s1797_a.jpg" alt="Yoruba Peoples - Beaded Crown" border="0" width="83" height="115"></a>

       Beaded Crown
<a href="http://affiliates.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?aid=280808&c=a&search=Yoruba+Peoples" target="_top">Yoruba Peoples</a>
<a href="http://affiliates.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?aid=280808&item=124289" target="_top">Buy This Art Print At AllPosters.com</a>


   
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0486298086/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1038996472" LAST_VISIT="1038996470" LAST_MODIFIED="1038996470"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books6/africangirlboy.jpg" width="104" height="140"> African Girl and Boy Paper Dolls</a>
   
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1571451323/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972378253" LAST_VISIT="972378249" LAST_MODIFIED="972378249"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/artofafricantextiles.jpg" width="99" height="140"> The Art of African Textiles</a><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/2843232902/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1030103518" LAST_VISIT="1030103494" LAST_MODIFIED="1030103494"><img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books5/ethnicstyle.jpg" width="111" height="147"> Ethnic Style: History and Fashion</a>


   <p align="center"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0684867842/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="973507166" LAST_VISIT="973507153" LAST_MODIFIED="973507153">
   <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/africanbeadskit.gif" width="97" height="140">
   African Beads : A Book and Craft Kit</a>


<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0393313484/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="974631502" LAST_VISIT="974631495" LAST_MODIFIED="974631495"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/womensworkthefirst20000years.gif" width="92" height="140"> Women's Work : The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times</a>


   
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0816031363/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202314" LAST_VISIT="975202310" LAST_MODIFIED="975202310"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/ethnicdress.gif" width="115" height="140"> Ethnic Dress</a>
   
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810945002/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202442" LAST_VISIT="975202408" LAST_MODIFIED="975202408"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/unfashion.jpg" width="93" height="140"> (un) Fashion</a>


   
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1859732011/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="975202575" LAST_VISIT="975202567" LAST_MODIFIED="975202567"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/hinterlandwarriors.gif" width="93" height="140"> Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress : European Empires and Exotic Uniforms (Dress, Body, Culture)</a><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/2867701619/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1106390726" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"><img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books9/costumesetparuedumaroc.jpeg" width="122" height="140"> Costumes Et Parue Du Maroc</a>


<img border="0" src="menofcolor.gif" width="104" height="140"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1579651127/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="985862974" LAST_VISIT="985862954" LAST_MODIFIED="985862954"> Men of Color : Fashion, History, Fundamentals</a>


<img border="0" src="stylenoir.gif" width="113" height="140"><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0399523790/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="985862908" LAST_VISIT="985862905" LAST_MODIFIED="985862905"> Stylenoir : The First How-To Guide to Fashion Written With Black Women in Mind</a>


<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0517703688/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779612" LAST_VISIT="1035779595" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779595"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/tribes.jpg" width="133" height="147"> Tribes</a><a href="http://www.cafepress.com/cp/info/storeref.aspx?refby=thecostumersman"><img src="cp_referral_120x90.gif" border="0" width="120" height="90"></a>
 
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0312169639/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779789" LAST_VISIT="1035779995" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779769"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/peopleofkau.jpg" width="96" height="140"> The People of Kau</a>
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0810942054/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779815" LAST_VISIT="1035779991" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779809"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/africanceremonies.jpg" width="104" height="140"> African Ceremonies</a>


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<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810981254/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779860" LAST_VISIT="1035779857" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779857"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/nomadsofniger.jpg" width="106" height="140"> Nomads of Niger</a>
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810919028/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1035779905" LAST_VISIT="1035779889" LAST_MODIFIED="1035779889"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/video3/africanark.jpg" width="44" height="60"> African Ark: People and Ancient Cultures of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa</a>
<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0521808138/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1127461480" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books10/ahistoryoftheatreafrica.jpeg" width="116" height="163"> A History of Theatre in Africa</a>

<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1859739296/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="997605960" LAST_VISIT="997605957" LAST_MODIFIED="997605957"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/veilmodesty.jpg" width="92" height="140"> Veil : Modesty, Privacy and Resistance (Dress, Body, Culture Series)</a>


<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0810913925/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1028808413" LAST_VISIT="1028808389" LAST_MODIFIED="1028808389"> <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books5/geoffreyholder.jpg" width="123" height="147"> Geoffrey Holder: A Life in Theater, Dance, and Art</a><a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0226315819/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1065521878" LAST_CHARSET="ISO-8859-1"><img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books7/salaula.jpeg" width="105" height="169"> Salaula: The World of Secondhand Clothing and Zambia</a>

<a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0295981385/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="1007205248" LAST_VISIT="1007205234" LAST_MODIFIED="1007205234">
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books2/printedanddyedtexafric.jpg" width="105" height="110"> Printed and Dyed Textiles from Africa (Fabric Folios)</a> <a HREF="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0385500866/thecostumersmani" ADD_DATE="972127329" LAST_VISIT="972127325" LAST_MODIFIED="972127325">
     <img border="0" src="../../store/advertisers/amazon/books/crownsportraits.jpg" width="131" height="140">
     Crowns : Portraits of Black Women in Church Hats</a>
     </font></td>
  • <p align="left"><a name="African-American Dress">African-American Dress</a>
    • <a HREF="http://www.quiltethnic.com/afam.html" ADD_DATE="1007544229" LAST_VISIT="1007544221" LAST_MODIFIED="1007544221">African-American - Intro Page</a>
    • <p align="left"><a name="Historical">Historical</a>
    • <p align="left"><a name="Modern">Modern</a>
      • <a HREF="http://www.andrewlane.com/" ADD_DATE="1006558925" LAST_VISIT="1006558885" LAST_MODIFIED="1006558885">Andrew Lane Church Goods and Supplies Home Page</a>
      • <a HREF="http://swanslaexpressions.com/" ADD_DATE="983616408" LAST_VISIT="983616404" LAST_MODIFIED="983616404">Swans L.A. Expressions: African American clothing, sorority and fraternity gear.</a>
      • <a HREF="http://www.blackhairmedia.com/default.htm" ADD_DATE="1042619818" LAST_VISIT="1042619809" LAST_MODIFIED="1042619809">Black Hair, Black Beauty- BlackHairMedia.com</a>
      • <a HREF="http://www.anyiams.com/main.htm" ADD_DATE="983612084" LAST_VISIT="983612079" LAST_MODIFIED="983612079">Anyiam's Creations: Exquisite collection of Bridal Wear, Formal Wear, Afrocentric Fashions, Robes, Cap & Gown, Tuxedos, Evening Wear, Men's & Ladies Wear, Fashion Design, Online Shop</a>
     <p align="center"> 
     Click here to see the complete pamphlet <a href="../../HISTORY/100pages/1900makeup.htm">Make
     Up Book for Professionals</a> by F.W. Nack, Chicago, c.1900 showing
     makeup styles used for the various race, age and sex stereotypes popular
     on stage at the turn of the last century, including "blackface".
     You can use images from this page for any school reports you may be doing
     on the topic.</td>
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<p align="center">This Page is part of <a HREF="http://www.costumes.org">The Costumer's Manifesto</a> by <a href="mailto:tara@costumes.org">Tara Maginnis</a>, Ph.D.  Copyright 1996-2010.   You may print out any of these pages for non-profit educational use such as school papers, teacher handouts, or wall displays.  You may link to any page in my site.</small></p>


<p align="center">This page last edited on 11/14/2009 </p>

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This Page is part of The Costumer's Manifesto, originally founded by Tara Maginnis, Ph.D. from 1996-2014, now flying free as a wiki for all to edit and contribute. Site maintained, hosted, and wikified by Andrew Kahn. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details. You may print out any of these pages for non-profit educational use such as school papers, teacher handouts, or wall displays. You may link to any page in this site.