COSTUMES.ORG -- THE COSTUMER'S MANIFESTO WIKI

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The Costumer's Manifesto: 18th Century Women's Hair and Wigs

18th Century Women's Hair and Wigs

HistoryStibbert217.jpg French Hairdress of the 1770's from Stibbert

"The Ladies' Head-Dress"

Give Chloe a bushel of horsehair and wool

Of paste and pomatum a pound

Ten yards of gay ribbon to deck her sweet scull

And gauze to encompass it round.

Let her gown be tucked up to the hip on each side

Shoes too high for to walk or to jump

And to deck sweet charmer complete for a bride

Let the cork cutter make her a rump

Thus finished in taste while on Chloe you gaze

you may take the dear charmer for life

but never undress her, for out of her stays

You’ll find you have lost half your wife

The Lady's Magazine, 1777

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Women's Hair:

Women of the 18th Century usually wore their natural hair, although this hair was often augmented with pads and/or pinned on extensions. Early 18th Century women were still wearing the high piled "fontage" hairstyle of the late 17th Century. This style was superseded by 1710 by a close to the head style usually covered with a small cap.

Women's Hair: The daughter of James II wearing a fontage.

GeneralMcclellanCamelothood.jpg A "Camlet" hood of 1702

In 1715, when powdering became fashionable for men’s wigs it also was done with women’s natural hair. As with men, formal occasions demanded powder, informal ones might or might not depending on the preference and pretensions of the wearer.

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Girl with a Kitten

Jean-Baptiste Perronneauredirect.asp?aid=280808&c=a&search=Perronneau%2C+Jean%2DBaptiste@160x120.jpg

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Madame Henriette En Flore

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Close to the head styles were prevalent until 1760 when the coiffure gradually begun to rise with the aid of hair pads and pomade made from apples, lard, and floral oils.

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copy of headresses included in The Ladies' Toilet or the Art of Head-Dressing in it's Utmost Beauty and Extent, 1768, in Costume in England, by F.W. Fairholt, 1860

GeneralMcclellanCalashes1765.jpg A "Calash" bonnet of 1765, made like a tiny collapsable carriage hood, out of pleated taffeta on cane hoops. It protected the rising hair-do from weather without touching it or crushing it down.

Link:

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Study 1769

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Hairstyles continued to rise steadily until 1778 when high fashion was achieved by as much as three feet of hair above the head surmounted by an elaborate headdress, of fabric, feathers, flowers and pearls. Naval and land battles were commemorated on these huge creations which offered such scope to the millinery artists of the time.

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After 1780, the emphasis slowly shifted from the hair to the hats and women’s hair was dressed in softer more natural fashion.

Plates of 18th Century French Women's Hair & Hats by Hoey

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Mrs. Siddons

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18thcentWomenC1789shead.jpgC. 1789 French Hairdo.

File:AccessoriesWigs498055 small.jpg English hair and hat of 1780s

From 1780 to 90 huge hats were the focus, then in the 1790’s, the hats and hairstyles both shrank down into close to the head styles derived from Greek sources.

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18th Century Wig, Hair and Hat Links

THE HANDBOOK OF GERMAN DRESS- Hair & Headdress 1500s-1700spart2.htm@160x120.jpg

YouTube - Marie Antoinette Hair & Makeup for Halloween- Ask Me Makeupwatch?v=CgFkCz4wAmE&feature=user@160x120.jpg

Wigs, Hats and Hairdresses: Keeping in High Style (18th Century)head.htm@160x120.jpg

Amazon.com: The Hatters (Colonial Craftsmen)thecostumersmani@160x120.jpg

18th Century Hatshats18th.html@160x120.jpg

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Product Links

Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789 Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789

Everyday Dress of the American Colonial Period Coloring Book Everyday Dress of the American Colonial Period Coloring Book

Marie Antoinette IV Marie Antoinette IV

Marie Antoinette Wig Marie Antoinette Wig

European Costume and Fashion 1490-1790

Period Costume for Stage & Screen : Patterns for Women's Dress 1500-1800 Period Costume for Stage & Screen : Patterns for Women's Dress 1500-1800

Fitting & Proper Fitting & Proper

The Culture of Clothing : Dress and Fashion in the 'Ancien Regime' (Past and Present Publications) The Culture of Clothing : Dress and Fashion in the 'Ancien Regime' (Past and Present Publications)

Fashion in Detail : From the 17th and 18th Centuries Fashion in Detail : From the 17th and 18th Centuries

White Empress Wig White Empress Wig

Deluxe French Courtesan Wig Deluxe French Courtesan Wig

The Cut of Women's Clothes, 1600-1930 The Cut of Women's Clothes, 1600-1930

The History of Underclothes The History of Underclothes

Corsets and Crinolines Corsets and Crinolines

Marie Antoinette Books Sofia Coppola Marie Antoinette Books Sofia Coppola

Marie Antoinette Music Original Soundtrack Marie Antoinette Music Original Soundtrack

Marie Antoinette The Journey Books Antonia Fraser Marie Antoinette The Journey Books Antonia Fraser

Queen of Fashion What Marie Antoinette Wore to the Revolution Books Caroline Weber Queen of Fashion What Marie Antoinette Wore to the Revolution Books Caroline Weber

"The Costumer's Manifesto"
by Tara Maginnis