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Difference between pages "History100pages60sshoes" and "History100pagesBanyan"

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The Costumer's Manifesto: Sexy Shoes of the early 1960's
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The Costumer's Manifesto: Pictures of Nightgowns, Nightcaps,Dressing Gowns and Banyans
  
'''Sexy Shoes of the early 1960's'''
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[[File:AmazonBooks4Theclothesthatwearus.jpg]]
  
Here are some shoes in the
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[[File:MwbhImagesThree.jpg]]
  
[[PagesCostumehistcollectUafcollection| Theatre UAF Costume HistoryCollection]] (click for larger images):
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'''Pictures of Nightgowns, Nightcaps, Dressing Gowns and Banyans, plus Banyan Web Links'''
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-016f.jpg]]
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[[File:HistoryRacinet1700nightcaps.jpg]]
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13597_23.jpg]]
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''17th & 18th Century French gowns and caps from
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-005f.jpg]]
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[[BooksRacinetRacinet1|Racinet]]. More pictures below the text. A Nightgown (aka Banyan) was worn indoors as very informal day or night wear, often over a shirt and breeches, but not to bed. Cut similar to a kimono, they are thought to be adaptations of these garments based on Asian imports.''
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-006f.jpg]]
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Information on ''' Banyans''' from a letter I posted to the
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-007f.jpg]]
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[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/18th_Reg|18th_Reg eGroup] (This contains pretty much all I know about them, so please don't write me for "more information" as I don't have it.):
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-008f.jpg]]
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A banyan was quite a few different things, but since it is in my opinion, probably one of the sexiest garments ever made for men, I'm sort of "up" on info about them. Starting in the late 17th century, and through the beginning of the 19th century men in Europe wore a variety of different styles of robe, which now we collectively call "banyans". The origin of both the term and garments are debatable, but what is consistent about all of them is that they were loose robes, of Asian cut, worn indoors for informal occasions, usually over one's shirt/vest/breeches during the day, and worn as a kind of bathrobe over one's nightgown (presupposing one wore one) at night '' before'' going to bed [not in bed]. It is the precursor to a dressing gown, but didn't originally have fitted sleeves, or the more tailored look of 19th Century dressing gowns.
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-009f.jpg]]
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''
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-022f.jpg]]
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[[File:GeneralMcclellanBanyancap.jpg]]''
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-023f.jpg]]
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Cut varied depending on the models used. Some are clearly based on Persian style, East Indian or Turkish style men's robes (probably the first ones were imports), while others are cut much closer to Kimono. (for more about the Asian origins of banyans see
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-023f.jpg]]
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[http://udel.edu/~orzada/intro19thC.htm|http://udel.edu/~orzada/intro19thC.htm] ) Some early American examples look as though they are economically cut from a single East Indian cotton block printed bedspread, of the patterns still used today. Two examples of made for export to Europe puffy quilted silk kimono robes exist that were sold in Holland for winter and worn there under the name "rock" which was the term used in that country. [These were featured in the exhibition "Japonism in Fashion"] They look like a
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes2Mvc-024f.jpg]]
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kimono with arm slits sewn up, and filled with batting till the wearer looks like an ambulatory Japanese sleeping bag. Two early American examples done in light Indian printed cottons are shown in the book "", these are cut with narrower sleeves, and in one case with a printed border going
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13597_24.jpg]]
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down the front. Not too many examples survive total, but enough to know that they were cut a variety of ways and were done in whatever material simultaneously suited the weather and looked either exotic or opulent to the wearer...
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes3Mvc-002f.jpg]]
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(has 2 late 18th century American banyan patterns)
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes3Mvc-003f.jpg]]
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French intellectuals seem to make a point in the mid 18th century with getting painted wearing their banyans instead of outdoor wear. Late 17th Century Englishmen do this too for a short period as well. According to the book reviewed here, the convention was imported to early American portraiture as well: '''dead link'''
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes3Mvc-004f.jpg]]
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Another review of the same book states:  
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13597_25.jpg]]
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'' "David Marten's 1767 portrait of Benjamin Franklin, for example, has the scientist reading in a red velvet chair. He is slumped over a red velvet-covered table strewn with books, a text in his left hand and his right thumb gracefully and gently supporting his tranquil visage. He wears a blue velvet suit with gold braid and buttons and a wig, all symbols of wealth, like the red velvet curtain behind him. The combination of scientific practice and refined leisure and wealth is reinforced by the presence of Sir Isaac Newton, whose bronze bust peers down approvingly at Franklin from the left. Perhaps the most powerful symbol of scientific gentility is the ubiquitous banyan, a loose fitting robe of East Indian origin. Early American scientists and scholars posed in banyans to communicate the purely intellectual or spiritual character of their endeavors; "a banyan in eighteenth-century portraiture seems to indicate a body at ease, giving free rein to the mind's work" (Franklin, 53). When the APS commissioned Charles Willson Peale to paint Franklin in 1789, he depicted him seated, resting on his elbow, in a blue damask banyan with a conspicuous pink silk lining. The combination of aristocratic repose in the posture, wealth in the costume, and scientific prowess in the composition (lightning strikes a building in the distance while Franklin holds the tip of a lightning rod) all exemplify the ways in which portraiture of the learned imbued intellectual endeavors with the markings of gentility." -''- Darren M. Staloff
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes3Mvc-020f.jpg]]
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[http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/wm/58.2/br_2.html|http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/wm/58.2/br_2.html]
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13597_30.jpg]]
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Color photo of original  c. 1750 man's at home clothing from
  
Collectable Miniature
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[[History100pages18thkohlcolor| Karl Kohler's Kostumekunde]]
  
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[[File:18thcentKohlerColorplate10.jpg]]
  
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[[File:AmazonBooks4Writingtheromance.gif]]
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoes3Mvc-013f.jpg]]
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(V&A Costume Collection)
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-008f.jpg]]
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[[File:h.t]]
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-009f.jpg]]
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Here is a surviving banyan shown at the bottom of
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoesRed&blackshoes.jpg]]
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[http://www.umich.edu/~ece/student_projects/exoticism/Eng417/Fashion_Page/page2.html|http://www.umich.edu/~ece/student_projects/exoticism/Eng417/Fashion_Page/page2.html] This page also quotes: '' Akiko Fukai, in "Revolution In Fashion", remarked, "On one banyan, cherry and pine trees in Japanese Yuzen style were painted in India on Indian cotton. By suchsubtle means, the culture of Japan was being spread throughout Europe, often without specific recognition."
  
[[File:Thr355ImagesGoldheel1.jpg]]
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''
  
[[File:Thr355ImagesGoldheels2.jpg]]
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Banyans tended to be worn with turbans or exotic looking little hats like this
  
boots with circular zipper:
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[http://ndm.si.edu/dfl/daily/e156.htm|http://ndm.si.edu/dfl/daily/e156.htm] rather than one's wig.
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-006f.jpg]]
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In the 19th Century, the style morphs away from Asian models and begins to be cut more like a loose light weight version of a European man's coat, now called a "dressing gown". Two examples of the "before" and "after" look can be viewed here
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-007f.jpg]]
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[http://dept.kent.edu/museum|http://dept.kent.edu/museum]
  
Here is a pair of shoes, now owned by Tara Maginnis, made in Saigon,Vietnam:
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American examples are described here:
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-017f.jpg]]
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[http://www.history.org/history/clothing/men/mglossary.cfm|http://www.history.org/history/clothing/men/mglossary.cfm]
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-018f.jpg]]
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I had fun designing some for "''Les Liaisons Dangereuses''" for Valmont and Danceny. Here are the designs and finished versions of Valmont's:
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-019f.jpg]]
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[[LiaisonsRenderingsPossiblevalmont2b|http://www.costumes.org/shows/liaisons/renderings/possiblevalmont2b.jpg]]
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-020f.jpg]]
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[[KadePhotocallBrian0334|http://www.costumes.org/shows/liaisons/photos/kade/photocall/brian0334.jpg]]
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-021f.jpg]]
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A few of the films with scenes with guys wearing them include (but are not limited to): '' The Patriot '' (Tom Wilkinson as General Cornwallis has a scene in one), ''Dangerous Liaisons'' (John Malkovitch has several scenes in one), '' The Clandestine Marriage'' (lots of these in various scenes on various people).John Hurt as the Marques of Montrose has one in ''Rob Roy'', complete with turban like cap, and Julian Sands as Louis XIV wears one in two scenes of ''Vatel.''
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-022f.jpg]]
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[[History100pages18thmovi|18th Century Costume Flicks]]
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-023f.jpg]]
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[[File:RenaissanceLace46.jpg]] Flemish lace cap of the EmperorCharles V (16th Century) from Mrs. Bury Pallisers' History of Lace
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-024f.jpg]]
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[[File:LeloirVol1029_1688-95banyans.jpg]] Robe de chambre (aka "banyan" or "nightgown"): 1688, the poet Lenoble in a robe de chambre, and a gentleman, 1695 from
  
[[File:UafcollectionUafshoesMvc-025f.jpg]]
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[[History100pagesLeloir| Leloir.]]
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13595_12.jpg]]
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[[File:LeloirVol1030_banyanpattern.jpg]] Pattern for an early 18th century Robe de chambre (aka "banyan" or "nightgown") from
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13595_13.jpg]]
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[[History100pagesLeloir| Leloir.]]
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13595_14.jpg]]
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[[File:LeloirVol1038_1696velournightcap.jpg]] Turban style "nightcap" worn in indoors, 1696 from
  
[[File:1960s1960sshoes13595_15.jpg]]
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[[History100pagesLeloir| Leloir.]]
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[[File:AccessoriesWigsBobwig2d.gif]] bob wig from Diderot.
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Related topic:
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[[History100pages18thhair|18th Century Men's Hair and Wigs]]
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[[File:1999uktourDisk33Mvc-016f.jpg]]
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[[File:1999uktourDisk33Mvc-019f.jpg]] Silk gown in the Musée de la Mode et du Textile
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[[File:Vanda22002-06-15Vanda2_102.jpg]]
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[[File:Vanda22002-06-15Vanda2_111.jpg]]
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[[File:Vanda22002-06-15Vanda2_117.jpg]]
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[[File:Vanda22002-06-15Vanda2_118.jpg]]
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[[File:Vanda22002-06-15Vanda2_122.jpg]]
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[[File:1999uktourDisk18Mvc-005f.jpg]]
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[[File:1999uktourDisk18Mvc-006f.jpg]] Late 18th Century Quilted Dressing gown at the
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[[File:HistoryKohler411.jpg]] French embroidered child's hat, Similar to men's caps, 18th Century (Kohler)
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[[File:HistoryV&amuseum42.jpg]] Plate 42. A grey morning coat offlowered chintz, with nankeen trousers. 1830-50 from
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[[History100pages19thv&a2|19th Century Costumes from theVictoria and Albert Museum as seen in "Old English Costumes" c.1908]]
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[[File:MwbhImagesRothwig.gif]]
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'''Related Links
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[[History100pages18thlinks|18th Century Costume Links]]'''
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[[Costcollege2009Costcoll2009|Photos from Costume College 2009]]
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[[Costcollege2009Costcoll2009banyan|Banyan Workshop]]
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[http://www.virtualmuseum.info/collections/themes/costume_gallery/html/history.html|Brighton & Hove Museums - Banyans]
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[http://www.durantextiles.com/newsletter/documents/news_6be_07.asp|Newsletter no. 6-2007 A Man's Banyan Reconstructed]
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[http://dept.kent.edu/museum/exhibit/menswear/banyan.htm|Of Men and Their Elegance - 19th Century Dressing Gowns]
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[http://www.si.edu/ndm/dfl/daily/e156.htm|Man's indoor hat c.1720]
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[http://www.christies.com/LotFinder/lot_details.aspx?intObjectID=5178791|A FINE AND RARE GENTLEMAN'S BANYAN AND WAISTCOAT, MADE UP FROM A DRAGON ROBE | 18TH CENTURY | Interiors Auction | Christie's]
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[http://locutus.ucr.edu/~cathy/rd/rd26.html|Double-breasted Quilted Men's Nightgown, c. 1790-1810]
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[http://www.costume.virtualmuseum.info/internationalism_history.asp|Collections - Fashion, Historical Internationalism (Includes image of two banyans)]
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[http://www.southcoasthistorical.org/banyan.htm|Deerfield Banyan replica at southcoast historical]
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[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/18th_Reg/message/2297|Another eGroup post on Banyans]
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[http://www.carolynjewel.com/references/skivvies.shtml|Underwear and What People Wore to Bed]
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[http://udel.edu/~orzada/intro19thC.htm|19th Century Cultural Influences on Dress]
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[http://www.johannesvermeer.info/verm/house/hz-japonserok-eng.htm|nachtmantel, kamerjas, kimono. ochtendjas, 17de eeuw; Vermeer van Delft; illustratie uit poppenhuis]
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[http://picturinghistory.gc.cuny.edu/lessons_colonial1.php|Picturing U.S. History: Nicholas Boylston (1767 weathy American Loyalist merchant in banyan)]
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[http://www.site-andoh.com/kimono.htm|The kimono inspiration: art and art ... Section on Dutch Kimono importation and Banyan origins- Google Booksオランダ・ベルギーと日本の着物 - site showing the influence of Kimono on western informal gowns 1650-1700 "Japonsche Rok" to Banyans through Dutch art. In Japanese, but still very worthwhile for non-Japanese viewers]
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[http://www.johannesvermeer.info/verm/house/hz-japonserok-nl.htm|nachtmantel, kamerjas, kimono, ochtendjas, 17de eeuw; Vermeer van Delft; illustratie uit poppenhuis]
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[http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/collectie/zoeken/asset.jsp?id=NG-NM-1106&lang=nl|Japanse rok toegeschreven aan de Koning-Stadhouder Willem III - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis]
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[http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/collectie/zoeken/asset.jsp?id=BK-BR-725-A&lang=nl|Japonsche rock van zijde, gevuld met zijden watten. Patroon op lichtblauwe grond van korenschoven en bloemtakken in rood met groen en rood met blauw. Voering geel. - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis]
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[http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/collectie/zoeken/asset.jsp?id=BK-1980-99&lang=nl|Kamerjas van sits, geschilderd met veelkleurige prunusbloesems, pijnboomtakken met waaiervormige uiteinden en een rand met slingerende bloem- en bladranken. Voering van geel-wit-rode gestreepte zijde. - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis]
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[http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/zoeken/search.jsp?query=Japonse%20rok〈=nl&start=0&focus=assets|- Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Banyans (Japonsche Roken and Kamerjas)]
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[http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/collectie/zoeken/asset.jsp?id=BK-NM-5546&lang=nl|Kamerjas van sits, samengesteld uit diverse banen, met zeer grote bloemen, vruchten en knoestige takken en meegeschilderde rand; sluiting met tressen en knopen. - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis]
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[http://www.collectieutrecht.nl/view.asp?type=object&id=33|Collectie Utrecht - Collectie: Anna Elisabeth van Reede (1652-1682) in Japonsche Rok]
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[http://dept.kent.edu/museum/exhibit/paperdolls/man's%20dressing%20gown%201840s.htm|Posing for Paper Dolls: Man's dressing gown 1840s]
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[http://www.trousseau.net/trousseau2.asp?P=2&I=223|Trousseau - Fine Antique Fashion c. 1690-1720 Gentleman's Banyan Cap]
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[http://www.gtj.org.uk/en/item1/27258|Pair of men's slippers, early 19th century :: Gathering the Jewels]
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[http://www.umich.edu/~ece/student_projects/exoticism/Eng417/Fashion_Page/page2.html|The In's and Out's of The 18th Century Fashion World] (scroll down for image of banyan)
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[http://www.websters-dictionary-online.org/definition/english/ba/banian.html|Definition of the word Banyon/Banian with translations of the term into assorted languages]
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[http://www.fivecolleges.edu/museums/museums_histdeer_gown.html|Five Colleges, Incorporated: Man's banyan or dressing gown, 1780-1790 Deerfield]
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[http://www.smoke-fire.com/mill-farm-patterns-2.asp|Mill Farm Patterns 1 Inc. Man's Banyan and Cap]
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[http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1026/is_2_163/ai_97728008|Magazine Antiques: A textile trove from historic deerfield - Design Notes]
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[http://www.vintagetextile.com/new_page_534.htm|Vintage Textile: Antique Clothing-#1662 Gentleman's cotton print banyan, c.1850]
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[http://www.npg.si.edu/exh/franklin/repsci.htm|Franklin and His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth-Century America"]
  
 
==Product Links==
 
==Product Links==
  
[[File:AmazonBooksFashionsofadecade1960s.gif|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0816024693/thecostumersmani|Fashions of a Decade : The 1960s (Fashions of a Decade)]] Fashions of a Decade : The 1960s (Fashions of a Decade)
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[[File:AmazonBooksSilkdesigns18thcent.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0500278806/thecostumersmani| Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century : From the Victoria and Albert Museum, London]]  Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century : From the Victoria and Albert Museum, London
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[http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0874136725/thecostumersmani|The Clothes That Wear Us : Essays on Dressing and Transgressing in Eighteenth-Century Culture]
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[[File:AmazonBooksCorsetsandcrinolines.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0878305262/thecostumersmani| Corsets and Crinolines]]  Corsets and Crinolines
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[[File:AmazonVideo2Howtodancethroughtimeiv.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0966207459/thecostumersmani| How To Dance through Time Vol. IV: The Elegance of Baroque Social Dance]] How To Dance through Time Vol. IV: The Elegance of Baroque Social Dance
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[http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305562474/thecostumersmani|Dangerous Liaisons (Widescreen Edition)]
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[http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1880655101/thecostumersmani|Fitting & Proper]
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[[File:AmazonBooks2Fitprop1.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1880655101/thecostumersmani| Fitting & Proper]]  Fitting & Proper
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[[File:AmazonBooksCultureofclothing.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0521574544/thecostumersmani| The Culture of Clothing : Dress and Fashion in the 'Ancien Regime' (Past and Present Publications)]]  The Culture of Clothing : Dress and Fashion in the 'Ancien Regime' (Past and Present Publications)
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[[File:AmazonBooksFashionindetail17th.gif|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/084782151X/thecostumersmani| Fashion in Detail : From the 17th and 18th Centuries]]  Fashion in Detail : From the 17th and 18th Centuries
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[[File:AmazonBooksDressinfrance18thcent.gif|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0300071280/thecostumersmani| Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century]]  Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century
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[[File:AmazonBooksCostumecloseup.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0896762262/thecostumersmani| Costume Close Up : Clothing Construction and Pattern, 1750-1790]]  Costume Close Up : Clothing Construction and Pattern, 1750-1790
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[http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0961528893/thecostumersmani]
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[http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1892689014/thecostumersmani|Writing the Romance Novel]
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[[File:AmazonBooks2400yearsoffash.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1851771166/thecostumersmani| Four Hundred Years of Fashion]]  Four Hundred Years of Fashion
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[[File:AmazonBooksMmedepompadoursex.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0750923385/thecostumersmani| Madame De Pompadour : Sex, Culture and Power]]  Madame De Pompadour : Sex, Culture and Power
  
[[File:AmazonBooksEverydayfashof60ssears.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486401200/thecostumersmani| Everyday Fashions of the Sixties : As Pictured in Sears Catalogs]]  Everyday Fashions of the Sixties : As Pictured in Sears Catalogs
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[[File:AmazonBooksForbiddenbestsellers.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0393314421/thecostumersmani| The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France]]  The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France
  
[[File:AmazonBooksShoesfashionandfantasy.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0500277559/thecostumersmani| Shoes : Fashion and Fantasy]]  Shoes : Fashion and Fantasy
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[http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0500017972/thecostumersmani|The Man of Fashion: Peacock Males and Perfect Gentlemen]
  
[[File:AmazonBooks10Rogervivier.jpeg|link=http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/2843236754/thecostumersmani| Roger Vivier: Books: Colombe Pringle]]  Roger Vivier: Books: Colombe Pringle
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[[File:AmazonBooks2Ahistoryofmensfashion.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/2080135368/thecostumersmani| A History of Men's Fashion]]  A History of Men's Fashion
  
[[File:AmazonBooksShoesacelebration.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0761101144/thecostumersmani|Shoes : A Celebration of Pumps, Sandals, Slippers]] Shoes : A Celebration of Pumps, Sandals, Slippers
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[[File:AmazonBooksEverydaydressofruralamerica.gif|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486273202/thecostumersmani| Everyday Dress of Rural America 1783-1800 : With Instructions and Patterns]] Everyday Dress of Rural America 1783-1800 : With Instructions and Patterns
  
[[File:AmazonBooksHeavenlysoles.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1558593241/thecostumersmani| Heavenly Soles : Extraordinary 20th Century Shoes]]  Heavenly Soles : Extraordinary 20th Century Shoes
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[[File:AmazonBooksHistoriccolonialfrenchdress.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0960902600/thecostumersmani| Historic Colonial French Dress : A Guide to Re-Creating North American French Clothing]]  Historic Colonial French Dress : A Guide to Re-Creating North American French Clothing
  
[[File:AmazonCostumes2Redlipbeanbagchair.jpeg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/B0001NRW98/thecostumersmani| Red Lip Beanbag Chair]] Red Lip Beanbag Chair
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[http://www.museum-london.org.uk/|Museum of London]
  
[[File:AmazonCostumes2Sohoshoe38redfauxsuede.jpeg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/B0001ADTFW/thecostumersmani| Soho Shoe chair 38.5"hx20.5"w Red Faux Suede]]  Soho Shoe chair 38.5"hx20.5"w Red Faux Suede
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The Costumer's Manifesto: Pictures of Nightgowns, Nightcaps,Dressing Gowns and Banyans

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Pictures of Nightgowns, Nightcaps, Dressing Gowns and Banyans, plus Banyan Web Links

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17th & 18th Century French gowns and caps from

Racinet. More pictures below the text. A Nightgown (aka Banyan) was worn indoors as very informal day or night wear, often over a shirt and breeches, but not to bed. Cut similar to a kimono, they are thought to be adaptations of these garments based on Asian imports.

Information on Banyans from a letter I posted to the

eGroup (This contains pretty much all I know about them, so please don't write me for "more information" as I don't have it.):

A banyan was quite a few different things, but since it is in my opinion, probably one of the sexiest garments ever made for men, I'm sort of "up" on info about them. Starting in the late 17th century, and through the beginning of the 19th century men in Europe wore a variety of different styles of robe, which now we collectively call "banyans". The origin of both the term and garments are debatable, but what is consistent about all of them is that they were loose robes, of Asian cut, worn indoors for informal occasions, usually over one's shirt/vest/breeches during the day, and worn as a kind of bathrobe over one's nightgown (presupposing one wore one) at night before going to bed [not in bed]. It is the precursor to a dressing gown, but didn't originally have fitted sleeves, or the more tailored look of 19th Century dressing gowns.

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Cut varied depending on the models used. Some are clearly based on Persian style, East Indian or Turkish style men's robes (probably the first ones were imports), while others are cut much closer to Kimono. (for more about the Asian origins of banyans see

[1] ) Some early American examples look as though they are economically cut from a single East Indian cotton block printed bedspread, of the patterns still used today. Two examples of made for export to Europe puffy quilted silk kimono robes exist that were sold in Holland for winter and worn there under the name "rock" which was the term used in that country. [These were featured in the exhibition "Japonism in Fashion"] They look like a

kimono with arm slits sewn up, and filled with batting till the wearer looks like an ambulatory Japanese sleeping bag. Two early American examples done in light Indian printed cottons are shown in the book "", these are cut with narrower sleeves, and in one case with a printed border going

down the front. Not too many examples survive total, but enough to know that they were cut a variety of ways and were done in whatever material simultaneously suited the weather and looked either exotic or opulent to the wearer...

(has 2 late 18th century American banyan patterns)

French intellectuals seem to make a point in the mid 18th century with getting painted wearing their banyans instead of outdoor wear. Late 17th Century Englishmen do this too for a short period as well. According to the book reviewed here, the convention was imported to early American portraiture as well: dead link

Another review of the same book states:

"David Marten's 1767 portrait of Benjamin Franklin, for example, has the scientist reading in a red velvet chair. He is slumped over a red velvet-covered table strewn with books, a text in his left hand and his right thumb gracefully and gently supporting his tranquil visage. He wears a blue velvet suit with gold braid and buttons and a wig, all symbols of wealth, like the red velvet curtain behind him. The combination of scientific practice and refined leisure and wealth is reinforced by the presence of Sir Isaac Newton, whose bronze bust peers down approvingly at Franklin from the left. Perhaps the most powerful symbol of scientific gentility is the ubiquitous banyan, a loose fitting robe of East Indian origin. Early American scientists and scholars posed in banyans to communicate the purely intellectual or spiritual character of their endeavors; "a banyan in eighteenth-century portraiture seems to indicate a body at ease, giving free rein to the mind's work" (Franklin, 53). When the APS commissioned Charles Willson Peale to paint Franklin in 1789, he depicted him seated, resting on his elbow, in a blue damask banyan with a conspicuous pink silk lining. The combination of aristocratic repose in the posture, wealth in the costume, and scientific prowess in the composition (lightning strikes a building in the distance while Franklin holds the tip of a lightning rod) all exemplify the ways in which portraiture of the learned imbued intellectual endeavors with the markings of gentility." -- Darren M. Staloff

[2]

Color photo of original c. 1750 man's at home clothing from

Karl Kohler's Kostumekunde

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(V&A Costume Collection)

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Here is a surviving banyan shown at the bottom of

[3] This page also quotes: Akiko Fukai, in "Revolution In Fashion", remarked, "On one banyan, cherry and pine trees in Japanese Yuzen style were painted in India on Indian cotton. By suchsubtle means, the culture of Japan was being spread throughout Europe, often without specific recognition."

Banyans tended to be worn with turbans or exotic looking little hats like this

[4] rather than one's wig.

In the 19th Century, the style morphs away from Asian models and begins to be cut more like a loose light weight version of a European man's coat, now called a "dressing gown". Two examples of the "before" and "after" look can be viewed here

[5]

American examples are described here:

[6]

I had fun designing some for "Les Liaisons Dangereuses" for Valmont and Danceny. Here are the designs and finished versions of Valmont's:

http://www.costumes.org/shows/liaisons/renderings/possiblevalmont2b.jpg

http://www.costumes.org/shows/liaisons/photos/kade/photocall/brian0334.jpg

A few of the films with scenes with guys wearing them include (but are not limited to): The Patriot (Tom Wilkinson as General Cornwallis has a scene in one), Dangerous Liaisons (John Malkovitch has several scenes in one), The Clandestine Marriage (lots of these in various scenes on various people).John Hurt as the Marques of Montrose has one in Rob Roy, complete with turban like cap, and Julian Sands as Louis XIV wears one in two scenes of Vatel.

18th Century Costume Flicks

RenaissanceLace46.jpg Flemish lace cap of the EmperorCharles V (16th Century) from Mrs. Bury Pallisers' History of Lace

LeloirVol1029 1688-95banyans.jpg Robe de chambre (aka "banyan" or "nightgown"): 1688, the poet Lenoble in a robe de chambre, and a gentleman, 1695 from

Leloir.

LeloirVol1030 banyanpattern.jpg Pattern for an early 18th century Robe de chambre (aka "banyan" or "nightgown") from

Leloir.

LeloirVol1038 1696velournightcap.jpg Turban style "nightcap" worn in indoors, 1696 from

Leloir.

AccessoriesWigsBobwig2d.gif bob wig from Diderot.

Related topic:

18th Century Men's Hair and Wigs

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1999uktourDisk33Mvc-019f.jpg Silk gown in the Musée de la Mode et du Textile

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1999uktourDisk18Mvc-006f.jpg Late 18th Century Quilted Dressing gown at the

HistoryKohler411.jpg French embroidered child's hat, Similar to men's caps, 18th Century (Kohler)

HistoryV&amuseum42.jpg Plate 42. A grey morning coat offlowered chintz, with nankeen trousers. 1830-50 from

19th Century Costumes from theVictoria and Albert Museum as seen in "Old English Costumes" c.1908

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Related Links

18th Century Costume Links

Photos from Costume College 2009

Banyan Workshop

& Hove Museums - Banyans

no. 6-2007 A Man's Banyan Reconstructed

Men and Their Elegance - 19th Century Dressing Gowns

indoor hat c.1720

FINE AND RARE GENTLEMAN'S BANYAN AND WAISTCOAT, MADE UP FROM A DRAGON ROBE | 18TH CENTURY | Interiors Auction | Christie's

Quilted Men's Nightgown, c. 1790-1810

- Fashion, Historical Internationalism (Includes image of two banyans)

Banyan replica at southcoast historical

eGroup post on Banyans

and What People Wore to Bed

Century Cultural Influences on Dress

kamerjas, kimono. ochtendjas, 17de eeuw; Vermeer van Delft; illustratie uit poppenhuis

U.S. History: Nicholas Boylston (1767 weathy American Loyalist merchant in banyan)

kimono inspiration: art and art ... Section on Dutch Kimono importation and Banyan origins- Google Booksオランダ・ベルギーと日本の着物 - site showing the influence of Kimono on western informal gowns 1650-1700 "Japonsche Rok" to Banyans through Dutch art. In Japanese, but still very worthwhile for non-Japanese viewers

kamerjas, kimono, ochtendjas, 17de eeuw; Vermeer van Delft; illustratie uit poppenhuis

rok toegeschreven aan de Koning-Stadhouder Willem III - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis

rock van zijde, gevuld met zijden watten. Patroon op lichtblauwe grond van korenschoven en bloemtakken in rood met groen en rood met blauw. Voering geel. - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis

van sits, geschilderd met veelkleurige prunusbloesems, pijnboomtakken met waaiervormige uiteinden en een rand met slingerende bloem- en bladranken. Voering van geel-wit-rode gestreepte zijde. - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis

Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Banyans (Japonsche Roken and Kamerjas)

van sits, samengesteld uit diverse banen, met zeer grote bloemen, vruchten en knoestige takken en meegeschilderde rand; sluiting met tressen en knopen. - Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Nationaal Museum voor Kunst en Geschiedenis

Utrecht - Collectie: Anna Elisabeth van Reede (1652-1682) in Japonsche Rok

for Paper Dolls: Man's dressing gown 1840s

- Fine Antique Fashion c. 1690-1720 Gentleman's Banyan Cap

of men's slippers, early 19th century :: Gathering the Jewels

In's and Out's of The 18th Century Fashion World (scroll down for image of banyan)

of the word Banyon/Banian with translations of the term into assorted languages

Colleges, Incorporated: Man's banyan or dressing gown, 1780-1790 Deerfield

Farm Patterns 1 Inc. Man's Banyan and Cap

Antiques: A textile trove from historic deerfield - Design Notes

Textile: Antique Clothing-#1662 Gentleman's cotton print banyan, c.1850

and His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth-Century America"

Product Links

Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century : From the Victoria and Albert Museum, London Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century : From the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Clothes That Wear Us : Essays on Dressing and Transgressing in Eighteenth-Century Culture

Corsets and Crinolines Corsets and Crinolines

How To Dance through Time Vol. IV: The Elegance of Baroque Social Dance How To Dance through Time Vol. IV: The Elegance of Baroque Social Dance

Liaisons (Widescreen Edition)

& Proper

Fitting & Proper Fitting & Proper

The Culture of Clothing : Dress and Fashion in the 'Ancien Regime' (Past and Present Publications) The Culture of Clothing : Dress and Fashion in the 'Ancien Regime' (Past and Present Publications)

Fashion in Detail : From the 17th and 18th Centuries Fashion in Detail : From the 17th and 18th Centuries

Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century

Costume Close Up : Clothing Construction and Pattern, 1750-1790 Costume Close Up : Clothing Construction and Pattern, 1750-1790

[7]

the Romance Novel

Four Hundred Years of Fashion Four Hundred Years of Fashion

Madame De Pompadour : Sex, Culture and Power Madame De Pompadour : Sex, Culture and Power

The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France

Man of Fashion: Peacock Males and Perfect Gentlemen

A History of Men's Fashion A History of Men's Fashion

Everyday Dress of Rural America 1783-1800 : With Instructions and Patterns Everyday Dress of Rural America 1783-1800 : With Instructions and Patterns

Historic Colonial French Dress : A Guide to Re-Creating North American French Clothing Historic Colonial French Dress : A Guide to Re-Creating North American French Clothing

of London

Roy

This Page is part of The Costumer's Manifesto, originally founded by Tara Maginnis, Ph.D. from 1996-2014, now flying free as a wiki for all to edit and contribute. Site maintained, hosted, and wikified by Andrew Kahn. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details. You may print out any of these pages for non-profit educational use such as school papers, teacher handouts, or wall displays. You may link to any page in this site.