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Byzantium and Early Medieval Europe'''Step 1:'''
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Student Web Pages for The History of Fashion and Dress'''Student Web Pages '''
  
Read the Byzantium and Early Medieval Europe lecture below and click on any links that interest you. You are not required to read all the material on all the links, however:  
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[http://sitebuilder.yola.com/sites/S3/Df01/D195/D44c/D7c6/U8485df0010014f4bb9336c7c4459110f/8a4986cb2874c0040128817ae9590bbe/index.php?sys_preview|In Love With Fashion]
  
Dress in Byzantium (400-1460ce)
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[http://se.msnusers.com/PaulaDaabach/paulaspage.msnw|Paula Daabach - costume history class page]
  
Dress in the Eastern Empire, later to be called
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[http://lindseymacallister.com/class.html|http--lindseymacallister.com-class.html]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepagesByzantium1|Byzantium]] by the West, (although properly called Romania at the time) was directly taken from the later Roman Empire. Strictly speaking Byzantium/Romania 'was' the late Roman Empire, although it's capitol was Constantinople, and it's religion predominantly Christian. The Eastern Empire continued in the Roman tradition until it was shrunk into the space of little more than Constantinople and the southern tip of Greece by successive wars with the Ottoman Turks and Western Christian countries. In 1460 the last vestige of the Eastern Empire was swallowed up into the Ottoman Empire. For more on this topic see  and
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[http://www.geocities.com/ss0l0/mypage.html|Sarah S Costume Class Page]
  
Late Roman and "Byzantine" dress is more body covering than earlier Roman costume, usually including long sleeves and long hems.This is generally assumed to be a reaction to the growing Christian view that the body was not beautiful, but a pit of vice. When the tunica is shorter (only on men) the lower limbs are encased in trousers, a "barbarian" invention first adopted by the Roman army and lower classes, and eventually (after some aristocratic resistance) by all men. The toga remained for emperors and other high officials in this period, but in vestigial form as a long thin (about 6") strip wrapped round the torso in the traditional manner (see above).  
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[http://home.bellsouth.net/p/s/community.dll?ep=16&groupid=302152&ck=|Julia Sherman Crafts Projects Designer Homepage]
  
Long half circle capes were part of male court dress, worn in place of the old toga over the new long sleeved tunica. The most notable feature of the Eastern Empire's dress is it's surface decoration. Unlike the earlier period which left fabric largely undecorated, the people of the Byzantine/Romanian Empire used all manner of woven, embroidered and beaded surface embellishment, particularly on Church vestments and court dress. This style of decoration, and many of the garment shapes, survive to this day in the priestly vestments of Orthodox churches in Greece, Eastern Europe and
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[http://maureen.freehomepage.com/|Maureen's Costume History Class Page]
  
Dress in Early Medieval Europe (400-1200ce)
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[http://www.rachelblackwell.com/resume.html|RachelBlackwell.com]
  
Contemporary with the first part of the Eastern Empire's rule in the western Mediterranean, Western Europe was going through the period known as the "
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[http://geocities.com/ss0l0/mypage|Personal Page of Sarah (Costume History Class)]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepagesBarbeurope1|Dark Ages]]". One rather pithy scholar pretty well summed up the era (400-900ce) as "five hundred years of camping out". Warfare was pretty constant, commerce pretty nearly dead, and stable social and educational institutions almost non-existent.
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[http://www.geocities.com/swissmiss106/|s_leimgruber History of Fashion Page]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratSeigneurfrane.jpg]]''Frankish Nobleman, after the bible of St. Martin of Tours in the Bibliotheque Nationale. (
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[http://mysite.verizon.net/mrf1052/|The Costume Marauder (Costume History Class Page)]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://www.costumes.republika.pl/|Izabel's Costume Page]
  
Few records survive of dress in this period, although there is some rather spectacular jewelry in the style commonly called  which has mainly been found in archeological sites in the British Isles and the Nordic countries. Like the Eastern Empire the dress of Western Europe seems to have consisted of the long sleeved tunic, half circle capes, & trousers. Western men are more often depicted in the short tunic and trouser combination than in long tunics. and boots were also worn in place of sandals.  
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[http://www.vamp-offashion.4t.com/index.html|Jenniver V, Fashion Vamp]
  
It has been suggested that the reason that clothing became longer, heavier and more fitted in this era is that the world weather pattern shifted at that time to make Europe the much colder continent it is now. (In Roman times the weather was so warm in Northern Europe that they had successful vineyards in England, far north of where it is possible to grow them now).  
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[http://vamp-offashion.4t.com/|Jennifer V's History of Fashion and Dress Class Page]
  
Another clothing variation popular in Europe was the wearing of a short tunic over a longer fuller one. This was done by persons of both sexes. The over tunic was often heavily embroidered in a manner similar to the Byzantine style.
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[http://www.interiorwebhosting.com/fsdah3/|Deborah H's History of Fashion and Dress Class Page]
  
Women's dress was often similar to the style mentioned above, or simply consisted of a long tunic with a more tight fitting sleeved one beneath. Married women, with the exception of queens, generally veiled their hair, but this was not a hard and fast rule.  
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[http://www.geocities.com/prettylizabel/|(ALACIA'S COSTUME CLASS PAGE) my costuming, sewing and more...]
  
In 800ce Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) was crowned "Holy Roman Emperor" by the Pope in Rome, thus setting up a smaller, rival empire in the West to Romania/Byzantium. In this period (known now as
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[http://fletcher.8m.net/|Fletcher's Costume History index]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepagesCarolingian1|Carolinian]]) the shape of the old tunic changed by widening at the bottom. Eventually the lower part of the garment (now more often referred to as a gown) was cut like a full skirt.
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PrettyLizabel:
  
By the
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[http://www.geocities.com/prettylizabel/index.html|my costuming, sewing and more...]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepages1000to1200euro1|1000-1200 ce period]] known as "Early Gothic" (another name intended as a pejorative provided by people at a much later date) the usual cut of the gown (and shorter over tunics) was pretty usually with the wide or circular bottom. Sleeves on the over gowns and/or tunics get wider (especially on women's dress) and there is an overall fashion for conspicuous consumption of fabric.
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[http://www.geocities.com/prettylizabel/fashiondress.html|the history of fashion and dress]
  
There had been a pretty popular belief in Western Europe in the years leading up to the first Millennium, that the Christian Second Coming, End of the World, and Judgment Day would happen in the year 1000. This did not really encourage people to build earthly cities for the future or spend time or cash on worldly matters. So material culture, including dress, was pretty limited in it's ostentation before this date. When the world did not end, people in the centuries that followed became more sanguine that The End was 'not' Near, and began displaying more interest in frivolous worldly matters such as dressing better than one's neighbors. This is partly why conspicuous consumption of fine fabric suddenly became popular.
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[http://www.meykey79.freeservers.com/|Micaela's Costume Class page]
  
Fabric production also became much easier in this era through the invention of two labor-saving devices: The
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[http://shizzynat.iwarp.com/|Mandy Shizzynat's Costume Class Page]
  
[http://kws.atlantia.sca.org/spinning.html|spinning wheel] and the horizontal loom which increased both fabric quality and production nearly tenfold.
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[http://hometown.aol.com/playgirl4sheezy/myhomepage/profile.html|Alicia C]
  
[http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/topics/text.htm|Textiles and Weaving Links (Medieval)]
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[http://www.rachelmonster.com/|RachelMonster.com]
  
[http://www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu/~dvess/ids/fap/weav.html|The Art and History of Weaving]
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[http://www.geocities.com/fsjlj4uafedu/index.html|Personal Page of Jessica Lynne]
  
When the Pope encouraged the various warring Christian kings of Western Europe to go to the Holy Land to fight the rising kingdoms of Islam, the "Crusaders" had a chance to see civilized people (the Byzantines and Moslems) some of whom dressed in silks'' daily''. Europeans instantly coveted these things to such a degree that they happily sacked and pillaged from the Byzantines (who were in theory the allies they had been sent to help) as much as from the Saracens and Turks.
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[http://www.perlgurl.net/costumeHistoryClass/index.cfm|www.perlgurl.net: home of the perl princess]
  
By the 12th-
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[http://forallhope.50megs.com/|Karl T's Class Page]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepages13thcent1|13th Centuries]] they had pillaged the technology from the East to make velvet, and Western clothing became more extravagant with each generation.
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[http://www.alisattler.0catch.com/|Ali S's Class Page]
  
[http://home.earthlink.net/~lilinah/courtyard.html|The Inner Courtyard of Dar Anahita (Medieval Muslim Costuming)]
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[http://www.geocities.com/stheshrew/mypage.html|Sarah Vaillancourt's Costume History Page]
  
[http://www.geocities.com/kaganate/clothing.html|The Red Kaganate - Central Asian Nomad Clothing of the Middle Ages] (Includes patterns)
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[http://www.geocities.com/abrah81/abrah81.html|Abrah's History of Fashion Web Page]
  
'''Step 2:'''During this period, the Prophet Mohammed founded the religion of Islam. Go to
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[http://www.geocities.com/o_rodriguez20/OdalysPrettyHomepage.html|Odalys' Homepage]
  
[[History100pagesReligious_costume|Tara's Religious Costume Links Page]], and find out what the Prophet and other scholars have said about suitable dress. See online catalogs of modern Islamic clothing. In what ways are these garments similar/different to the images of Early Medieval Western dress you see above on this page? What would be the advantages and disadvantages of wearing one of the many types of modern Islamic dress compared to what you wear now? Post your reflections on the
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[http://www.geocities.com/wolf_kitten/costumes.html|Kai's Costuming Page]
  
[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CostumeHistoryClass|Message Board]and read messages that others have posted, and start some discussion!
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[http://www.angelfire.com/oz2/mizjaynescostumes/|Miz Jayne's Costume Class Page]
  
'''NO! THIS IS NOT THE END!
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[http://www.geocities.com/msndave/theatre355.html|David D]
  
[[ClassesFashiondressLatemedieval|CLICK HERE TO GO ONTO PAGE 2 ]]OF THIS WEEK'S LESSON!'''
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[http://www.geocities.com/ouchmouth2/Ouchmouth2.html| Cameron H]
  
''
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[http://jessicaknott.freehomepage.com/|Jessica K ]
  
[[File:HistoryRoman1882ancientromechrist.jpg]] Byzantine costumes from Kretchmer''
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[http://www.freewebs.com/kpz/|Kimberly P]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratDiptyqued'anastaseencostume.jpg]]''Emperor Anastase (?) in consular dress, a late toga from
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[http://bobrite.freehomepage.com/|Sarah V]
  
==Quicherat==
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Jessica B
  
Paris, 1875''
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[http://members.tripod.com/Jes24601/|Jes24]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratJustinien.jpg|Jules Quicherat, Histoire du costume enFrance]]'' The Emperor Justinian and his court and clergy, c.510 (
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Jean C
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://www.people.virginia.edu/~jlc5f/Costumes/fashion1.html|Jean's Page for Costume History Class]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratL'imperatricetheodora.jpg]]'' The Empress Theodora, wife of Justinian, and her suite, c. 510 (
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Julia G
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://www.giulia146.homestead.com/|giulia146]
  
[[File:RacinetNewByzantine181.jpg]]''Byzantine court and ecclesiastical dress from
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Emily R erossi
  
[[BooksRacinetRacinet1|Racinet]]''
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Julia W
  
Click here for more
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[http://www.geocities.com/jackie1863/|The Original Collection]
  
[[History100pagesByzantinelinks|Byzantine Links]]
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[http://tamargeist.tripod.com/|Tamar's Crazy Homepage]
  
Click here for more Timeline
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[http://www.alaskadaisy.freehomepage.com/|Christie's Home Page]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepagesByzantium1|Byzantine Images]]
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[http://abcassel.freehomepage.com/index.html|Clothes Make the Man: Andrew Cassel]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratRoidudixieme.jpg]]''King of the 10th Century (
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[http://www.hometown.aol.com/ecomaas|Patty's Costume History Class Page]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://fletcher.8m.net/|Fletcher Hirom]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratSaintehelene.jpg]]''Saint Helene, dressed as a princess of the 6th Century. Ladies of the (?) era.(
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[http://www.meykey79.freeservers.com/index.html|Mec Casca Costume Class Page]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://www.geocities.com/countessportia/Historiette.html|Historiette]
  
''
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[http://www.craftycostume.com/index.html|Crafty Costume]
  
[[History100pagesBarbeurolinks|More Dark Ages Costume Links]]''
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[http://www.geocities.com/kakurlander/|Kakurlander's Costume History Home Page]
  
''
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[http://www.ambrfashions.com/|Mary's Costume Page AMBR Fashions]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepagesBarbeurope1|More Dark Ages Costume Timeline Images]]''
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[http://www.kithrup.com/~ariyana/|ariyana]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratGrandedame.jpg]]'' Great lady of the (?). Irmentrude, wife of King Charles le Chauve. (
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[http://www.PeanutButterKisses.com/|brenda ]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://Aewruin1.tripod.com/Costume/|gatan_oz]
  
''
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[http://www.geocities.com/johonna_bdancer/|honnas ]
  
[[100pagesTimelinepagesCarolingian1|Timeline Images on the Carolinian Period]]''
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[http://www.breckpaperdoll.com| kbreck ]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratBliauddutresor.jpg]]
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[http://www.flyingredhead.com| lynetteh]
  
[[File:HistoryQuicheratChainsedutresor.jpg]]'' Robes of the Holy Roman Emperor, 11th Century (
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[http://www.craftycostume.com| sandys]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]''
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[http://www.geocities.com/singitgirl/| singitgirl]
  
[[File:HistoryStibbert28.jpg]]'' 12th Century French Ladies Dress from
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[http://www.stormpages.com/tacsir/hello.html| svartman ]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Stibbert|Frederick Stibbert]]''
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[http://www.geocities.com/valarltd/| valarltd]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Stibbert|AbitiE Fogge Civile E Militari Dal I Al XVII Secolo]] 1914.
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[http://www.geocities.com/rubyrose83/index.html|Brittney's Costume Class Projects]
  
[[File:HistoryRacinetRacinet9_13tharmor.jpg]]
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[http://ashbaugh.freeservers.com/index.html|Anita's Page: Baroque Costume & an Hawaiian Dress]
  
[[File:HistoryRacinetMidage5.jpg]]''9th-13th Century European armor from
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[http://www.ancientegyptiancostumes.freeservers.com/|Ancient Egyptian Costumes & Jewelry]
  
[[BooksRacinetRacinet1|Racinet]]''
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[http://www.geocities.com/ladymay99_99/Final.html|Jennifer's Final Projects]
  
'''Click here for more
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[http://www.tamarashaw.freeservers.com/|Overdressed: 16th Century Style (Tamara's Page)]
  
[[History100pagesMedievalinks|Medieval Costume Links]]'''
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[http://gramarye_3.tripod.com/gramaryelessons/index.html|Gramarye Lessons (Heather's Page)]
  
''
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[http://jason1.freeservers.com/|Jason's Page On Clothing in Mejii Japan, and an Art Deco Dressing Gown]
  
[[File:EthnicAztechphotocubeEgyptwoman.jpg]] Egyptian woman in modern Islamic dress (
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[http://1920scoeds.freeservers.com/|Coeds Of The 1920s]
  
[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Aztech|Aztech Media)]]''
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[http://www.geocities.com/bst300/index.htm|Ben Thompson]
  
''
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'''
  
[[File:EthnicAztechphotocubeSamarkand.jpg]] An elderly gentleman of Samarkand wearing traditional Islamic dress of that region. (
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[[ClassesFashiondressThr355main|Back to Main Page]]'''
 
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[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Aztech|Aztech Media)]]''
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==Product Links==
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[http://wwwtc.nhmccd.cc.tx.us/people/crf01/romaion/|What, If Anything, Is A Byzantine?]
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[http://www.romanity.org/index.htm|THE ROMANS Ancient, Medieval and Modern]
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[http://www.romanity.org/index.htm]
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[http://sunsite.unc.edu/sergei/Exs/His/His.html|Russia]
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[http://www.celticlady.com/|Celtic]
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[http://www.nativearth.net/|Shoes]
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[[File:AmazonBooksAncienteuropeancostume.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486407233/thecostumersmani| Ancient European Costume and Fashion]]  Ancient European Costume and Fashion
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Revision as of 01:01, 23 January 2014

Student Web Pages for The History of Fashion and DressStudent Web Pages

Love With Fashion

Daabach - costume history class page

[1]

S Costume Class Page

Sherman Crafts Projects Designer Homepage

Costume History Class Page

[2]

Page of Sarah (Costume History Class)

History of Fashion Page

Costume Marauder (Costume History Class Page)

Costume Page

V, Fashion Vamp

V's History of Fashion and Dress Class Page

H's History of Fashion and Dress Class Page

COSTUME CLASS PAGE) my costuming, sewing and more...

Costume History index

PrettyLizabel:

costuming, sewing and more...

history of fashion and dress

Costume Class page

Shizzynat's Costume Class Page

C

[3]

Page of Jessica Lynne

home of the perl princess

T's Class Page

S's Class Page

Vaillancourt's Costume History Page

History of Fashion Web Page

Homepage

Costuming Page

Jayne's Costume Class Page

D

Cameron H

K

P

V

Jessica B

[4]

Jean C

Page for Costume History Class

Julia G

[5]

Emily R erossi

Julia W

Original Collection

Crazy Homepage

Home Page

Make the Man: Andrew Cassel

Costume History Class Page

Hirom

Casca Costume Class Page

[6]

Costume

Costume History Home Page

Costume Page AMBR Fashions

[7]

[8]

[9]

[10]

kbreck

lynetteh

sandys

singitgirl

svartman

valarltd

Costume Class Projects

Page: Baroque Costume & an Hawaiian Dress

Egyptian Costumes & Jewelry

Final Projects

16th Century Style (Tamara's Page)

Lessons (Heather's Page)

Page On Clothing in Mejii Japan, and an Art Deco Dressing Gown

Of The 1920s

Thompson

Back to Main Page

"The Costumer's Manifesto"
by Tara Maginnis