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Difference between pages "ClassesFashiondressFrenchrevolution" and "ClassesFashiondressAncientworld"

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The French Revolution and Empire Periods'''Week 7:
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Ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome '''Week #2
  
French Revolution and Empire PeriodsStep 1:'''
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Ancient Egypt, Greece and RomeStep 1:'''
  
Read the online "lecture" on dress in the period 1789-1825 below and click on any links that interest you. You are not required to read all the material on all the links, however:
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Read the online "lecture" on dress in the Ancient world below and click on any links that interest you. You are not required to read all the material on all the links, however:
  
Dress in The
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Dress in the
  
==French==  
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==Ancient World==  
  
Revolution and Empire Periods
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Ancient World
  
This time frame from 1789-1825 is actually several different sub-periods. The first, 1789-1799, the period of , is a sharp transition period. The second 1800-1815 is the time of the French
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Dress in most cultures, ancient and modern, may be divided into two main types of construction. One form, probably invented first, is that of pieced hides sewn together, often with great complexity, to fit the human body. The other, an outgrowth of textile production, uses textiles (woven, felted or knit) left as they are, or sewn into geometrical shapes, and draped around the body. Few cultures use only one of these methods exclusively, however, most cultures of which we have records prior to about 1300 had dress that was strongly inclined towards one method of clothing production or another. In the ancient world of the Mediterranean Basin, the dominant cultures (the latter two of which eventually gave rise to the "Western" civilization in which we presently live) wore clothing in the draped textile style.
  
[http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0859867.html|Consulate] and
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'''Go on to
  
[http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0859868.html|Empire], and is a stable Neo-classical period. 1815-1825 is the late Neo-classical period that shows a gradual shift towards the Romantic style.
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[[ClassesFashiondressAncientegypt|Ancient Egypt]]'''
 
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'''Dress in The French Revolution'''
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Dress during this period goes through a massive shift. Late 18th Century women's dress collapses from it's padded and puffed look '''
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[[File:WomenSagesplates1780swoman.jpg]]''' to a thin, often translucent silhouette. As the French Revolution progressed, different women's styles were adopted that appeared to have reference to the revolutionary politics, social structure and philosophy of the time. In the early 1790's, for example, the "English" or man-tailored style was favored as it hinted towards the leanings of constitutional monarchy.  There was a brief fashion forplain dresses in dark colors during the Terror of 1792, but when the Directory took over French fashion again went wild, trying out  fashions in "Greek", "Roman", "Sauvage" and "Otaheti" (Tahitian) styles.
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''
  
[[File:WomenHoey'splatesAlagreque.jpg]] Dress a'la Greque (
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[[File:EthnicAztechphotocubeFtmcphersoneskimos2.jpg]] Dress made of complexly pieced hides, worn by modern Inuit women of Ft.McPherson Canada (Aztech New Media)''
  
[[History100pages18thhoeydress|Hoey]]''
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[[File:EthnicAztechphotocubeEgyptmusicians.jpg]]'' Modern Egyptian musicians wearing a style of fabric-based dress, based on sewn-together rectangles(Aztech New Media)''
 
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The Psudo-"Greek" look proved most popular and was adopted as the standard style in Europe in the late 1790's
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[[File:18thcentMen1780sman.jpg]]While Men's Costume in the 1790's also becomes thinner in line, it separates it's style from women's dress by beginning to lose nearly all forms of surface decoration, lace and bright color, as "irrational" and feminine effluvia. This change is slow, but it completely alters men's dress by the mid 19th Century into dull dark uniform dress.
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Other major changes include the adoption of trousers from the dress of sailors and the urban proletariat of the French Revolution, the passing of the fashions for wigs and hair powder, and the (very temporary) demise of the corset.
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The bonnet is invented as a hat that is meant to look like a Greek helmet, but it quickly is altered in style out of all resemblance to the original.
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[[File:RegencyBoehnWienerzeithats1820a.jpg]] Bonnets from "Wiener Zeitschrift", Vienna, 1820 in Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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'''
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[[100pagesTimelinepages1800to1825a|The Neoclassical Period]] 1800-1825'''
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Probably due to post Revolutionary backlash against female influence in politics, later reinforced by the German Philosopher
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[http://www.blupete.com/Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Schopenhauer.htm| Schopenhauer] (who promoted the view that men were supposed to be rational and women emotional), the sexual dichotomy in dress becomes more pronounced in this era, a trend which continues through the 19th Century. The direction of fashions towards Neo dress for women, and increasingly drab utilitarian dress on men, continue in a steady manner in this very stylistically stable period.
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''
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[[File:WomenFashionplates1807.jpg]] 1807
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[[File:WomenFashionplates1809fulldress.jpg]] 1809''
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Women's dress locks into a pattern of light colored muslin gowns, high waisted with little puffed sleeves, and psudo-Greek hairstyles, which achieved an apex at the coronation of the Emperor  in 1804.
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''
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[[File:RegencyWomenNapoleonssisters.jpg]] Napoleon's sisters at his coronation.''
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As the period proceeds, the originally simple lines of these gowns are increasingly decorated with ruffles and puffs, the skirts get puffed out with petticoats, the waist lowers and tightens with corsets, until by 1825 it is hard to see how the style worn was ever imagined to look Greek.
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[[File:RegencyBoehnParasolvienna1822.jpg]] 1822 Vienna from Max von Boehn's Das Beiwerk der Mode, 1928
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[[File:HistoryV&amuseum32.jpg]]
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's dress also keeps on a fairly steady course towards increasing dullness. Fashion magazines continue to push men's dress towards foppish extremes, but men who actually count in the fashionable world tend to push for plainer styles. Beau Brummell, the leader of male sartorial fashion in England in this period was noted for wearing only black with a white shirt for formal evening wear, a marked departure from the style of the previous century. Tubular and fitted trousers also move from a radical fashion statement to everyday wear for most men of the upper classes.
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'''Step 2:'''Men's clothing in this era becomes less and less adventurous in style. The few outlets for male fashion expression (boots, hats, collars and neckties) therefore go to extremes. Neckties in this period were especially important. However, as with trying to create any other period style in the present, neckties require a leap of imagination & practical experimentation to get them to look like the images one sees in the past, even with genuine period instructions for tying available . Get a piece of light crisp cloth (muslin or taffeta will work best) about 70" x 10" in size. Then go to
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[http://homepages.ihug.co.nz/~awoodley/regency/tie.html|Regency Neckcloths] or  and try following the wonderfully vague and confusing period instructions for tying it round your (or someone else's) neck. [A better photo of the styles is at
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[http://www.jasa.net.au/images/neckclth.gif|The art of tying the cravat Demonstratedneckclothitania]] Write an account of what you did, and how you can really make one look like one of the pictures, and post them to your site by the weekend. Take your camera and photograph the results (process your film later this semester, or if you have a
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[[ClassesFashiondressDigitalcameras|digital]] do it and post it now).Some students who have done this in previous classes share their tips below:
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[http://www.people.virginia.edu/~jlc5f/Costumes/Assign11.htm|Jean]
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[http://members.tripod.com/Jes24601/id34.htm|Jessica]
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[http://www.craftycostume.com/regency_tie_reconstruction.htm|Sandy]
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'''This Concludes Week #7's Lesson'''
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'''Return to
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[[ClassesFashiondressThr355main|Class Index]]'''
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''
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''
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[[File:History100pagesFrenchrevdirect.htm| Costumes Francaise: The Convention & the Directory]]
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[[File:HistoryQuicheratCostumedebal.jpg]] 1. Costume for a ball "a la sauvage", 1796. 2. "Greek" style dress, 1797. (
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[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]
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''
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[[File:HistoryV&amuseum20.jpg]] A dress of the male style in vogue between 1780-95. (
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[[History100pages18thv&a|Victoria and Albert Museum]]''
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''
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[[File:18thcentBoehnJournallady1792.jpg]] French fashion Plate of 1792 ''Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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[[File:HistoryQuicheratMembredelacommune.jpg]] Member of the Commune of Paris, 1793 (
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[[History100pagesPicturecredits#Quicherat|Quicherat]]
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[[File:18thcentBoehnMenagerie1800a.jpg]] France 1800 in Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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[[100pagesTimelinepages1789to1800a|More Costume Timeline Images of 1789-1800]]
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[[History100pages18thlinks#French Revolution Period (1798-1800)|18th Century Costume Links: 1789-1800]]
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[[File:18thcentRevolution1790feb.jpg]]
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[[File:18thcentRevolution1790june.jpg]]''Images from''
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[[History100pagesFrenchrevplates|Costume Plates of the French Revolution & Empire ]]
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[[File:18thcentWomenSummerdress1794t.jpg]] Images from
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[[History100pages18thplates90s|Fashion Plates 1790-1800]]
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[[File:RegencyBoehnHamburg1802a.jpg]] Fashions in Hamburg 1802 in Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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[[File:RegencyBoehnWienermode1816a.jpg]] "Wiener Mode", Vienna, 1816 in Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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[[File:RegencyBoehnWienerzeit1825a.jpg]] "Wiener Zeitschrift", Vienna, 1825 in Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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[[File:18thcentRevolution1802may.jpg]]'' Fashionable Frenchman of 1802 (
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[[History100pagesFresno|Fresno]]''
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''
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[[File:RegencyBoehnRepository1810a.jpg]] English man of 1810 from ''Max von Boehn's Modes and Manners of the 19th Century
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[[File:HistoryKohler471and472_1818.jpg]] Men's dress of 1818. Suit of King Ludwig I, beginning of the 19th Century (Kohler)
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[[File:RegencyBoehn1823journaldesdames.jpg]]Journal des Dames 1823 (Boehn)
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[[100pagesTimelinepages1800to1825a|More Timeline Images from 1800-1825]]
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[[History100pagesRegencylinks|Regency and Empire Costume Links]]
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[http://www.wsu.edu:8000/~dee/REV/|Revolution and After]
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Return to
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[[ClassesFashiondressThr355main|Class Index]]
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==Product Links==
 
==Product Links==
  
[http://history1700s.miningco.com/msub34.htm|FrenchThe French Revolution]
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[[File:AmazonBooksWomensworkthefirst20000years.gif|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0393313484/thecostumersmani| Women's Work : The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times]]  Women's Work : The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times
 
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[http://members.aol.com/Heraklit1/rousseau.htm|"Rousseauesque"]
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[http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/glo/classicism/| Classic]
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[http://www.napoleon.org/|Napoléon]
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[http://search.famsf.org/4d.acgi$Search|Men]
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[[File:AmazonBooksAckermanscostplates.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486236900/thecostumersmani| Ackermann's Costume Plates : Women's Fashions in England, 1818-1828]]  Ackermann's Costume Plates : Women's Fashions in England, 1818-1828
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[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_vdIPqsTvYQ&feature=related|YouTube - Women's fashions year by year 1795 to 1948]
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[[File:AmazonBooksElegantmadness.gif|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/067088328X/thecostumersmani| An Elegant Madness : High Society in Regency England]]  An Elegant Madness : High Society in Regency England
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[[File:AmazonBooksEmpirecostumespaper.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0486408132/thecostumersmani| Empire Costumes Paper Dolls]]  Empire Costumes Paper Dolls
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[[File:AmazonVideo2Prideandprejudicebbcdvd.jpg|link=http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00005MP58/thecostumersmani| Pride and Prejudice (BBC TV Miniseries) - The Special Edition]]  Pride and Prejudice (BBC TV Miniseries) - The Special Edition
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Revision as of 01:01, 23 January 2014

Ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome Week #2

Ancient Egypt, Greece and RomeStep 1:

Read the online "lecture" on dress in the Ancient world below and click on any links that interest you. You are not required to read all the material on all the links, however:

Dress in the

Ancient World

Ancient World

Dress in most cultures, ancient and modern, may be divided into two main types of construction. One form, probably invented first, is that of pieced hides sewn together, often with great complexity, to fit the human body. The other, an outgrowth of textile production, uses textiles (woven, felted or knit) left as they are, or sewn into geometrical shapes, and draped around the body. Few cultures use only one of these methods exclusively, however, most cultures of which we have records prior to about 1300 had dress that was strongly inclined towards one method of clothing production or another. In the ancient world of the Mediterranean Basin, the dominant cultures (the latter two of which eventually gave rise to the "Western" civilization in which we presently live) wore clothing in the draped textile style.

Go on to

Ancient Egypt

EthnicAztechphotocubeFtmcphersoneskimos2.jpg Dress made of complexly pieced hides, worn by modern Inuit women of Ft.McPherson Canada (Aztech New Media)

EthnicAztechphotocubeEgyptmusicians.jpg Modern Egyptian musicians wearing a style of fabric-based dress, based on sewn-together rectangles(Aztech New Media)

Product Links

Women's Work : The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times Women's Work : The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times

"The Costumer's Manifesto"
by Tara Maginnis