The Costumer's Manifesto: 18th Century Men's Hair and Wigs
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Wigs were made of horsehair, yak hair and human hair, the latter being the most expensive.
Wigs were very expensive. A man could outfit himself with a hat, coat, breeches, shirt, hose, and shoes for about what a wig would cost him. A wig also required constant care from a hairdresser for cleaning, curling, and powdering.
| align="center" valign="top" |Google |- | align="left" valign="top" |
- Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century
- Costume Close Up : Clothing Construction and Pattern, 1750-1790
-  Keepers of the Kingdom : The Ancient Offices of Britain
- File:Tricornblackhat.jpeg Tricorn Black Hat - Many uses from colonial to pirate costumes
- File:Piratehatandearring.jpeg Pirate Hat and Earring
Powder rapidly became an essential for full dress occasions and it continued in use until almost the end of the century.
At the beginning of the 18th Century, the most popular dress wig was the long, full-bottomed wig, left over from the previous century. It dribbled its way out of fashion until the 1720's when it was only worn by professional men such as lawyers and doctors. After 1740, it was only worn by judges and had gone completely out of fashion.
The most popular undress wig was the bob wig, a shorter wig that originally was worn by tradesman who could not afford the longer wigs. Bob wigs were the most popular wigs in colonial America and were also the standard wig worn by Protestant clergymen for the whole century. Catholic clergy wore a similar style with a built in tonsure at the top.
After the 1720s, shorter wigs were more popular.
The tie wig is the style most usually associated with the 18th Century, but the queue wig with one or more back braids, the bag wig, with a black taffeta bag attached, and the natural wig with a long straight or curled back were also popular.
[[18thcent_accessories/wigs/wigbag| ]] A wig bag. [[18thcent_accessories/wigs/bagwig2d| ]] bag wig and bag details from Diderot[[18thcent_accessories/wigs/ramellieswig| ]][[18thcent_accessories/wigs/ramellies2d|]]
[[18thcent_general/fairholt/278| ]]Hats and wigs of the 1740's from Hogarth, including The Ramillies wig (center).[[18thcent_accessories/wigs/naturalwig| ]]A "natural" wig. '[[18thcent_accessories/wigs/natural2d| ]]Two types of "natural" from Diderot.
In the 1770s, a simpler fashion called the Club wig or the Cadogan became popular as well.
| valign="top" | Still the outrageous hair fashions of women in the 1770s influenced mens fashion and several brief but memorable styles aped the high built coiffures of the ladies, on a smaller scale.
By the 1780s, young men were setting a fashion for natural hair lightly powdered.
After 1790, both wigs and powder were reserved for older more conservative men, and ladies being presented at court. In 1795, the English government put a tax of hair powder of one guinea per year which effectively caused the demise of both the fashion for wigs and powder by 1800. In France the association of wigs with the aristocracy caused the fashion for both to evaporate during the terror of 1793.
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[[galleryimages_diderot/diderotfashion/pages/wigmakerbarber| ]] | align="center" | [[galleryimages_diderot/diderotfashion/pages/wigsandhairpieces| ]] |- | align="center" valign="top" | wigmakerbarber.jpg | align="center" valign="top" | wigsandhairpiece...
Images from Diderot's Encyclopedia, c.1762
- Make your own 18th century style wig
- Amazon.com: Wigmaker in Eighteenth Century Williamsburg:
- Amazon.com: A Day in the Life of a Colonial Wigmaker
- Amazon.com: The Hatters (Colonial Craftsmen)
- www.Makeup-FX.com: Special Makeup Effects by Lars Carlsson
- Handmade 18th Century Style Wigs for Sale
- Man's indoor hat c.1720
- Gallery of Costume - Man's Wig & Wig Bag 1780-1790
- Portrait busts showing wigs/hats/hairstyles of the 18th & early 19th Century in the V&A
- French and Indian War Downloadable documents on French Uniforms & how to salute with the hat
- 18th Century Wig, Hair and Hat Links
- THE HANDBOOK OF GERMAN DRESS- Hair & Headdress 1500s-1700s
- Colonial Williamsburg Teacher Resources 18th Century Wigmakers
- Wigs, Hats and Hairdresses: Keeping in High Style (18th Century)
- 18th Century Hats
- boys hair styles: the 18th century
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