THE MANIFESTO IS MUTATING! IT IS TURNING INTO A WIKI THAT CAN BECOME THE HIVE MIND OF ALL COSTUMERS, FINALLY LIVING UP TO IT'S SLOGAN: "COSTUMERS OF THE WORLD, UNITE!" YOU CAN HELP IN THIS PROCESS BY MOVING PAGES TO THE NEW SITE AT THECOSTUMERSMANIFESTO.COM, HELPING TO EDIT THE PAGES THAT ARE THERE ALREADY, AND ADDING YOUR OWN ORIGINAL INPUT.
Accessories Book & Gift Storehistory_100pages/accesslinksClasses Corsets & Underwear[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/corsetlinks.htm ]ComputersCostumes 4 Saleuafcostumeshop_pages/classes Costume e-Listscomputer_1pages/crj Dance Costumesuafcostumeshop_pages/classesDesigns & Designers Dolls [projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/store/100pages/amazondolls.htm ]"Ethnic" Dress[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/ethnic/1PAGES/ETHNOLNK.HTM ]Fashion Theory[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/fashion_theory.htm ]Free eGroupFree Stuffstore_100pages/giftstoreHalloween(Costume) History [projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/costhistpage.htm ']How-ToKinky Clothing[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/store/100pages/KINKY.HTM ]Major Sites[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/maincostumesites.htm ]Military Uniforms[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/maincostumesites.htm ]Movie Costumes[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/mwbh/100pages/mwbh.htm ]Museums New Pages'Occupational & Occasion- Specific[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/history/100pages/occupationaluniforms.htm ]Patterns[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/advice/1pages/pattern_links.htm ]Questions?[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/advice/1pages/questions.htm ]Religious Dressstore_100pages/sponsorinfoTheatre Historyuafcostumeshop_uafcostwebTravel for Costumers Unite!ADVICE_1pages/UNITEVintage ClothingADVICE_1pages/costdesignWeddings[projects/file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tara/My%20Documents/My%20Webs/Manifesto/mwbh/100pages/mwbh.htm ]Weird Clothing Les Liasons Dangereuses</u> on the net I noticed that lots of the photos had an inappropriate comic-opera feel because the wigs used were standard spun glass "colonial" type wigs that look more like what liveried footmen wore than actual gentleman's wigs of the period. I decided that instead of buying new wigs ("colonial" or otherwise) I'd try to have us make ones for the gentlemen and Azolan out of old wiglets of human hair. Here is how we did it:
[[classes_uafcostumeshop/images/makeup2002/corrective/Mvc-004f| ]] Stephanie pulls apart a early 1960's human hair wiglet so we will have strips of human hair for the men's wigs. We have a couple of dozen of these "bubble" wiglets in assorted colors that are never used but which have been saved for the hair on them, for just such an eventuality. [[classes_uafcostumeshop/images/254finals2002/MVC-025F|]] [[classes_uafcostumeshop/images/254finals2002/MVC-026F|]] | align="center" valign="top" |
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- The Costume Technician's Handbook : A Complete Guide for Amateur and Professional Costume Technicians
- Stage Costume Step-By-Step : The Complete Guide to Designing and Making Stage Costumes for All Major Drama Periods and Genres
SalonOvations' Braids and Updos Made Easy Art Deco Hair: Hairstyles of the 1920s and 1930s Hair & Wigs for the Stage : Step by Step Big Hair : A Journey into the Transformation of Self Hair : Its Power and Meaning in Asian Cultures Authentic 1940s Hairstyles : Tips and Tricks For Creating Authentic 1940s Hairstyles Plucked, Shaved & Braided: Medieval and Renaissance Beauty and Grooming Practices 1000-1600 Art and Illusion: A Guide to Crossdressing, Vol. 1, Face & Hair Hair in African Art and Culture Wigstock-The Movie Hairstyles and Fashion : A Hairdresser's History of Paris, 1910-1920 (Dress, Body, Culture) Good Hair : For Colored Girls Who've Considered Weaves When the Chemicals Became Too Ruff Blonde Like Me : The Roots of the Blonde Myth in Our Culture Dreads Permanent Waves : The Making of the American Beauty Shop Wigs and Make-Up for Theatre, Television and Film
Hair Story : Untangling the Roots of Black Hair in America Hair Matters : Beauty, Power, and Black Women's Consciousness Fashions in Hair: The 1st 5,000 Years The History of Hair : Fashion and Fantasy Down the Ages 1940s Hairstyles The Wigmakers (Colonial Craftsmen, Set 3) A Day in the Life of a Colonial Wigmaker (The Library of Living and Working in Colonial Times)
[[classes_uafcostumeshop/images/makeup2002/corrective/Mvc-007f| ]] [[classes_uafcostumeshop/images/makeup2002/corrective/Mvc-008f| ]] I sew slightly stretchy nylon/lycra net into a wig cap for Azolan, binding the edges with bias tape. I later found that I needed to trim a space for ear holes and rebind in those spots. Strips of the hair from the wiglet above are sewn to the cap, STARTING FROM THE BACK AND THE BOTTOM, WORKING UP to make a wig.
[[shows_liaisons/build/1/Mvc-012f| ]] [[shows_liaisons/build/1/Mvc-013f| ]] Azolan wig made on the cap above. Slight alterations need to be made to this wig because the back is not low enough, and the area at the temples needs a slight extension and stiffening.
Wig cap made for Danceny, incorporating things learned while making the Azolan wig.
[[shows_liaisons/build/7/MVC-020F| ]] [[shows_liaisons/build/7/MVC-021F| ]] the internal construction of the wig, with Ridgline boning on all the points and an elastic drawstring casing running around the inside.
The curled wig gets a first fitting:
I decide the front needs to show the curved 18th Century "male" hairline better, so I slightly alter the style to make it less girly-looking.
Once the style has been seen to work at first dress, the wig is sprayed firmly, and covered with hairnets that are sewn to the inside edges to keep the wig perfectly smooth.
[[shows_liaisons/build/1/Mvc-008f| ]] [[shows_liaisons/build/1/Mvc-009f| ]] Beginning the wig cap for Valmont. The stretch net is draped loosely on the head form, and stitched down in darts before fitting.
[[shows_liaisons/build/2/cap1| ]] [[shows_liaisons/build/2/cap2| ]] The cap is trimmed to size. (we later find that the wig "shrinks" slightly while being worked on, so it is better to cut it slightly oversize, rather than having to extend the back as we did later).
After figuring out how often Valmont needs to take his wig on and off on stage, (about five times each, plus he gets smacked about in the face 4-5 times in one scene with Merteuil till it comes off in the fight) I add a stretchy-comb to the front edge inside so that it won't slip back (except during that scene), and an elastic band inside to quickly and easily grip when it is stuck on: [[shows_liaisons/build/7/MVC-022F| ]]
[[shows_liaisons/photos/kade/photocall/brian0110|]] Photo by Kade Mendelowitz [[shows_liaisons/photos/5/MVC-018F| ]]
You can learn more about real 18th Century men's wigs at my 18th Century Hair Page
What To Do:
Step 1: Gather together the necessary materials:
- A drawing or source photo of how you want the finished wig to look for reference.
- A bag of 6-8" long strips of hair taken from a wiglet or wig (about 1 & 1/2 wiglets, or 3/4 of a wig of hair will do. You can use fake hair, but real hair works a little easier with this project),
- 1/2 a yard of slightly stretchy heavy netting in a color similar to the hair color you want
- 1 yard of bias tape in the hair color
- A matching hairnet
- Matching thread and a hand sewing needle
- A large (head size) head block that can be pinned into
- 14" of rigeline boning
- A small flexible wig comb
- T pins
- Hair pins
- A curling iron
- Hair spray and/or setting gel
- 10" of narrow elastic
- Decorative ribbon or "wig bag"
Step 2: Pin the net loosely around the head form, and stitch in tucks to make a loose head cap shape:
Step 3: Put the cap on the performer's head and mark the edges of his desired hairline with chalk.
Step 4: Add a full inch to this measurement to allow for "shrink" and cut the excess off the cap.
Step 5: Sew bias tape binding around all the edges of the cap, and sew two 3" pieces of Rigeline boning as shown in the diagram to the inside temples of the cap to hold down the "sideburn" area, and two 4" pieces to the back corners to hold in the back points.
Step 6: Starting from the bottom, sew lines of hair in layers onto the cap fairly sparsely. Putting on too much hair will give you the "footman wig" look. The direction you intend to curl and dress the hair will determine where you want to put the lines. However it is a good policy to sew in rows going across the back in ascending rows going up (with the hair pointing down), and then to put a long neat row all along the front hairline, as in the diagram below.
Step 7: Brush, curl and pin the wig. Fit on performer. Adjust as seems advisable.
Step 8: Sew in a casing, or series of thread loops to hold in the internal elastic adjustment band (see all pictures below). Sew in comb to forehead area.
Step 9: Fit again to check on final form. Use hair spray, gel, or setting solution to fix final shape. Sew the hair net over the shape (for stage), or use the net to hold the shape when the performer is not wearing it (for film or reenactment).
Step 10: Attach a ribbon or wig bag.
When it is finished, photograph the wig from a few angles as jpeg files and post them to your File folder at the class eGroup. Post a message to the group letting everyone know you have posted the pictures so you can get feedback.
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