COSTUMES.ORG -- THE COSTUMER'S MANIFESTO WIKI

History100pages18thjewl

The Costumer's Manifesto: 18th Century Jewelry 18th Century Jewelry

The 18th Century was aperiod of great change for the manufacturers of jewelry, for at the turn of the century, aVenetian Lapidary named Vincenzo Peruzzi invented the 56 faceted brilliant cut for stoneswhich is still used today. It replace the duller 16 faceted Mazarin cut of the previouscentury and launched diamonds to the forefront of jewelry design for the next 100 years.Metal work receded into the background almost completely and metals were used exclusivelyas inconspicuous back settings for diamonds.

AccessoriesJewelryJewels.gif

18th Century jewelry cuts from

Diderot

AmazonBooks4Writingtheromance.gif

(V&A Costume Collection)


MwbhImagesAntoinette2.jpg

AmazonBooks4Completeidiotsguideromance.jpg

The most popular shapes forjewels were bows and floral designs. Stylized bows were used onbrooches, necklaces, earrings, and rings.

Diamonds were used to thealmost total exclusion of other gems until the 1750’s when color in jewelry enjoyed arevival. To meetthe increased demand for white stones in the first half of the century, paste, rockcrystal, markasite, and cut steel were employed with increasing sophistication. Thesealternatives to diamonds were soon produced with such good quality that it was entirelyrespectable for royalty to wear them. Cut steel was especially popular because of itspractical wear ability for ordinary day use on shoe buckles, knee buckles, and buttons.

AccessoriesJewelryBuckles.gif

The 18th Century alsointroduced several new forms of jewelry, the most typical being the corsage, a kind ofdiamond stomacher. It was in use for court dress for the whole middle part of the century.

AccessoriesJewelryCorsage.gif

DesignmotifsSpeltzBelgiejewelry.jpg

Stomacher and other 1760's jewelry patternsfrom

Diderot

Another innovation, theaigrette, consisted of a spray of diamonds and was usually worn over the right ear on thehair.

AccessoriesJewelryDiderotbows.gif

AccessoriesJewelryFan&buckles.gif

AccessoriesJewelrySettings.gif

AccessoriesJewelryMensstuff.gif

1760's jewelry patterns from

Diderot

However, the most interestingdevelopment was the chatelaine, a piece of everyday jewelry worn by both men and women.Suspended form the waist, it was used to carry watches, seals, needle-cases, keys,scissors, and penknives.

After the French Revolution,neoclassical motifs became popular in jewelry all over Europe, and the style-settingFrench in their republican mood shifted into Roman revival styles.

DiderotfashionPagesSwords

DiderotfashionPagesSwordshop

swords.jpg

swordshop.jpg

Decorated Swords for Gentlemenfrom Diderot's Encyclopedia, c.1762. Click here to go on to

JewelryImages from Diderot's Encyclopedia, c.1762.

18th Century Patch Boxes

lesson2.html@160x120.jpg J'antiques & Collectibles History of Jewelry: GEORGIAN ERA - 1714-1837

h72.htm@160x120.jpg Buttons 0f 1796

Plates on Jewelry from Diderot's Encyclopedia

@160x120.jpg Antique pocket watches from Pieces of Time

0697_cover.htm@160x120.jpg Early American Jewelry - Cover Page: June '97 Early American Homes Feature

18thcenturybuttons.htm@160x120.jpg 18th Century Buttons

articles.html@160x120.jpg Button Bytes Light - Articles 18th Century

feat73.htm@160x120.jpg Country Life Online 18th Century Buttons

Fleetpage.htm@160x120.jpg 18th Century Buttons and Buckles found in sunken ships of the Spanish fleet

Product Links

Jewels and Jewelry Jewels and Jewelry

Earrings : From Antiquity to the Present Earrings : From Antiquity to the Present

The Necklace : From Antiquity to the Present The Necklace : From Antiquity to the Present

Jewelry : From Antiquity to the Present (World of Art) Jewelry : From Antiquity to the Present (World of Art)

Gold of the Tsars : 100 Masterpieces of Goldsmith's Art of the Hermitage Gold of the Tsars : 100 Masterpieces of Goldsmith's Art of the Hermitage

[1]

Writing the Romance Novel

Period Costume for Stage & Screen : Patterns for Women's Dress 1500-1800 Period Costume for Stage & Screen : Patterns for Women's Dress 1500-1800

Creating Your Own Antique Jewelry: Taking Inspiration from Great Museums Around the World Creating Your Own Antique Jewelry: Taking Inspiration from Great Museums Around the World

Four Hundred Years of Fashion Four Hundred Years of Fashion

Marie Antoinette

How To Dance through Time Vol. IV: The Elegance of Baroque Social Dance How To Dance through Time Vol. IV: The Elegance of Baroque Social Dance

The Thieves' Opera : The Mesmerizing Story of Two Notorious Criminals in Eighteenth-Century London The Thieves' Opera : The Mesmerizing Story of Two Notorious Criminals in Eighteenth-Century London

Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789 (Revised Edition) Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789 (Revised Edition)

Madame De Pompadour : Sex, Culture and Power Madame De Pompadour : Sex, Culture and Power

Complete Idiot's Guide to Getting Your Romance Published

This Page is part of The Costumer's Manifesto, originally founded by Tara Maginnis, Ph.D. from 1996-2014, now flying free as a wiki for all to edit and contribute. Site maintained, hosted, and wikified by Andrew Kahn. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details. You may print out any of these pages for non-profit educational use such as school papers, teacher handouts, or wall displays. You may link to any page in this site.